CBR.RU Центральный банк Российской Федерации


cbr.ru website information.

cbr.ru website servers are located in Russian Federation and are responding from following IP address 212.40.192.49. Check the full list of most visited websites located in Russian Federation.

cbr.ru domain name is registered by .RU top-level domain registry. See the other sites registred in .RU domain zone.

Following name servers are specified for cbr.ru domain:

  • ns2.cbr.ru
  • ns3.cbr.ru
  • ns1.cbr.ru

and probably website cbr.ru is hosted by cbr.ru web hosting company. Check the complete list of other most popular websites hosted by cbr.ru hosting company.

According to Alexa traffic rank the highest website cbr.ru position was 6046 (in the world). The lowest Alexa rank position was 37556. Now website cbr.ru ranked in Alexa database as number 29468 (in the world).

Website cbr.ru Desktop speed measurement score (70/100) is better than the results of 52.08% of other sites shows that the page desktop performance can be improved.

cbr.ru Mobile usability score (99/100) is better than the results of 87.11% of other sites and means that the page is mobile-friendly.

Mobile speed measurement score of cbr.ru (58/100) is better than the results of 49.62% of other sites and shows that the landing page performance on mobile devices is poor and can be improved.

Weekly Rank Report

DateRankChange
Feb-22-2019 N/AN/A
Feb-21-2019 N/AN/A
Feb-20-2019 N/AN/A
Feb-19-2019 N/AN/A
Feb-18-2019 N/AN/A
Feb-17-2019 N/AN/A
Feb-16-2019 N/AN/A

Advertisement

cbr.ru Rank History

Alexa can identify the popularity of a website as well as its competitors. It is important for website owners and bloggers to know their Alexa ranking because it shows how many visitors have viewed their web page. It gives them a clear idea of how popular their website is on the internet and the ranking of their competitors.


cbr.ru whois

WHOIS is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an Internet resource, such as a domain name, an IP address block, or an autonomous system, but is also used for a wider range of other information.


% By submitting a query to RIPN's Whois Service
% you agree to abide by the following terms of use:
% http://www.ripn.net/about/servpol.html#3.2 (in Russian)
% http://www.ripn.net/about/en/servpol.html#3.2 (in English).

domain: CBR.RU
nserver: ns1.cbr.ru. 212.40.192.35
nserver: ns2.cbr.ru. 212.40.193.252
nserver: ns3.cbr.ru. 212.40.192.37
state: REGISTERED, DELEGATED, VERIFIED
org: The Central Bank of the Russian Federation
registrar: RU-CENTER-RU
admin-contact: https://www.nic.ru/whois
created: 1996-11-10T14:52:14Z
paid-till: 2018-11-30T21:00:00Z
free-date: 2019-01-01
source: TCI

Last updated on 2017-11-30T21:16:38Z

cbr.ru server information

Servers Location

cbr.ru desktop page speed rank

Last tested: 2017-11-30


Desktop Speed Medium
70/100

cbr.ru Desktop Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 25 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

http://cbr.ru/f/r/faq/faq.js?v=v1995964815 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/faq/faq.min.css?v=v2364940431 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/commonPopup.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/contentPhotosHelper.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fonts/icomoon.ttf (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fotorama.min.css?v=v3251873240 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fotorama.min.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/gallery-slider.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/glide.core.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/icomoon-styles.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/icons.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jcommon.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery-1.12.4.min.js?v=v1965609268 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery-ui.min.js?v=v2302978100 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.cookie.js?v=v2316797236 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.easing.1.3.js?v=v2316797236 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.glide.min.js?v=v2316797236 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/main.js?v=v3406151098 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/main.min.css?v=v3494969048 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/menu.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/print.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/sprites/sprite-6f94e21d.svg (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/sprites/sprite.css?v=v884500020 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcher.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcherFolder.js?v=v1965609268 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcherFolder_new.js?v=v2302978100 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/table_highlight.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/tooltip.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/vision-impaired.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/vision-impaired.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/wholeSite.js?v=v1965609268 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/artlebedev.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.css?v=v3494969048 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.js?v=v1925143092 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/widgetsController.js?v=v1965609268 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/widgetsDragging.js?v=v2316797236 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/table/table.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/baner_dod.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/banner_xbrl.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/dengi-credit.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/eps.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/fincult_banner.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/ibc2018.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/inf_pismo_ban.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/mircard_banner.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/ocen_audit_b.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/js/jquery.ui.datepicker-ru.js?v=v3746113262 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/js/site.js?v=v3491723213 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/today/PhotoStore/getimgid/5918.png (30 minutes)
https://mc.yandex.ru/metrika/watch.js (60 minutes)

priority - 8 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 24 blocking script resources and 10 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery-1.12.4.min.js?v=v1965609268
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery-ui.min.js?v=v2302978100
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcherFolder_new.js?v=v2302978100
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fotorama.min.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.easing.1.3.js?v=v2316797236
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.cookie.js?v=v2316797236
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.glide.min.js?v=v2316797236
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jcommon.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/commonPopup.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcher.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/contentPhotosHelper.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/menu.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/wholeSite.js?v=v1965609268
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcherFolder.js?v=v1965609268
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/main.js?v=v3406151098
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/table_highlight.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/vision-impaired.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/tooltip.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/faq/faq.js?v=v1995964815
http://cbr.ru/js/site.js?v=v3491723213
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.js?v=v1925143092
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/widgetsDragging.js?v=v2316797236
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/widgetsController.js?v=v1965609268
http://cbr.ru/js/jquery.ui.datepicker-ru.js?v=v3746113262

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/main.min.css?v=v3494969048
http://cbr.ru/f/r/faq/faq.min.css?v=v2364940431
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/glide.core.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/vision-impaired.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/icomoon-styles.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fotorama.min.css?v=v3251873240
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/gallery-slider.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/sprites/sprite.css?v=v884500020
http://cbr.ru/f/r/table/table.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.css?v=v3494969048

priority - 6 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 58.4KiB (84% reduction).

Compressing http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/sprites/sprite-6f94e21d.svg could save 58.4KiB (84% reduction).

priority - 2 Prioritize visible content

Your page requires additional network round trips to render the above-the-fold content. For best performance, reduce the amount of HTML needed to render above-the-fold content.

The entire HTML response was not sufficient to render the above-the-fold content. This usually indicates that additional resources, loaded after HTML parsing, were required to render above-the-fold content. Prioritize visible content that is needed for rendering above-the-fold by including it directly in the HTML response.

Only about 48% of the final above-the-fold content could be rendered with the full HTML response.

priority - 1 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 5.6KiB (26% reduction).

Compressing http://cbr.ru/images/ibc2018.png could save 1.7KiB (38% reduction).
Compressing http://cbr.ru/images/banner_xbrl.png could save 1.6KiB (21% reduction).
Compressing http://cbr.ru/images/baner_dod.png could save 1.5KiB (27% reduction).
Compressing http://cbr.ru/images/fincult_banner.png could save 780B (18% reduction).

priority - 0 Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 1.5KiB (12% reduction).

Minifying http://cbr.ru/ could save 1.5KiB (12% reduction) after compression.

priority - 0 Minify CSS

Compacting CSS code can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify CSS for the following resources to reduce their size by 886B (22% reduction).

Minifying http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.css?v=v3494969048 could save 886B (22% reduction) after compression.

cbr.ru Desktop Resources

Total Resources55
Number of Hosts2
Static Resources51
JavaScript Resources26
CSS Resources11

cbr.ru Desktop Resource Breakdown

cbr.ru mobile page speed rank

Last tested: 2017-11-30


Mobile Speed Bad
58/100

cbr.ru Mobile Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 37 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

http://cbr.ru/f/r/faq/faq.js?v=v1995964815 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/faq/faq.min.css?v=v2364940431 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/commonPopup.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/contentPhotosHelper.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fonts/icomoon.ttf (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fotorama.min.css?v=v3251873240 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fotorama.min.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/gallery-slider.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/glide.core.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/icomoon-styles.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/icons.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jcommon.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery-1.12.4.min.js?v=v1965609268 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery-ui.min.js?v=v2302978100 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.cookie.js?v=v2316797236 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.easing.1.3.js?v=v2316797236 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.glide.min.js?v=v2316797236 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/main.js?v=v3406151098 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/main.min.css?v=v3494969048 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/menu.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/print.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/sprites/sprite-6f94e21d.svg (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/sprites/sprite.css?v=v884500020 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcher.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcherFolder.js?v=v1965609268 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcherFolder_new.js?v=v2302978100 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/table_highlight.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/tooltip.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/vision-impaired.js?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/vision-impaired.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/wholeSite.js?v=v1965609268 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/artlebedev.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.css?v=v3494969048 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.js?v=v1925143092 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/widgetsController.js?v=v1965609268 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/widgetsDragging.js?v=v2316797236 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/f/r/table/table.min.css?v=v1934538548 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/baner_dod.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/banner_xbrl.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/dengi-credit.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/eps.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/fincult_banner.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/ibc2018.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/inf_pismo_ban.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/mircard_banner.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/images/ocen_audit_b.png (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/js/jquery.ui.datepicker-ru.js?v=v3746113262 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/js/site.js?v=v3491723213 (30 minutes)
http://cbr.ru/today/PhotoStore/getimgid/5918.png (30 minutes)
https://mc.yandex.ru/metrika/watch.js (60 minutes)

priority - 32 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 24 blocking script resources and 10 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery-1.12.4.min.js?v=v1965609268
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery-ui.min.js?v=v2302978100
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcherFolder_new.js?v=v2302978100
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fotorama.min.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.easing.1.3.js?v=v2316797236
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.cookie.js?v=v2316797236
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jquery.glide.min.js?v=v2316797236
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/jcommon.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/commonPopup.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcher.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/contentPhotosHelper.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/menu.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/wholeSite.js?v=v1965609268
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/switcherFolder.js?v=v1965609268
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/main.js?v=v3406151098
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/table_highlight.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/vision-impaired.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/tooltip.js?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/faq/faq.js?v=v1995964815
http://cbr.ru/js/site.js?v=v3491723213
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.js?v=v1925143092
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/widgetsDragging.js?v=v2316797236
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/widgetsController.js?v=v1965609268
http://cbr.ru/js/jquery.ui.datepicker-ru.js?v=v3746113262

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/main.min.css?v=v3494969048
http://cbr.ru/f/r/faq/faq.min.css?v=v2364940431
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/glide.core.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/vision-impaired.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/icomoon-styles.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/fotorama.min.css?v=v3251873240
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/gallery-slider.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/sprites/sprite.css?v=v884500020
http://cbr.ru/f/r/table/table.min.css?v=v1934538548
http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.css?v=v3494969048

priority - 6 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 58.4KiB (84% reduction).

Compressing http://cbr.ru/f/r/global/sprites/sprite-6f94e21d.svg could save 58.4KiB (84% reduction).

priority - 1 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 5.6KiB (26% reduction).

Compressing http://cbr.ru/images/ibc2018.png could save 1.7KiB (38% reduction).
Compressing http://cbr.ru/images/banner_xbrl.png could save 1.6KiB (21% reduction).
Compressing http://cbr.ru/images/baner_dod.png could save 1.5KiB (27% reduction).
Compressing http://cbr.ru/images/fincult_banner.png could save 780B (18% reduction).

priority - 0 Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 1.5KiB (12% reduction).

Minifying http://cbr.ru/ could save 1.5KiB (12% reduction) after compression.

priority - 0 Minify CSS

Compacting CSS code can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify CSS for the following resources to reduce their size by 886B (22% reduction).

Minifying http://cbr.ru/f/r/home/home.css?v=v3494969048 could save 886B (22% reduction) after compression.

cbr.ru Mobile Resources

Total Resources55
Number of Hosts2
Static Resources51
JavaScript Resources26
CSS Resources11

cbr.ru Mobile Resource Breakdown

cbr.ru mobile page usability

Last tested: 2017-11-30


Mobile Usability Good
99/100

cbr.ru Mobile Usability Test Quick Summary


priority - 1 Size tap targets appropriately

Some of the links/buttons on your webpage may be too small for a user to easily tap on a touchscreen. Consider making these tap targets larger to provide a better user experience.

The following tap targets are close to other nearby tap targets and may need additional spacing around them.

The tap target <a href="/rss/RssNews" class="rss">RSS</a> and 2 others are close to other tap targets.

The tap target <div class="glide__bullets"></div> is close to 1 other tap targets.

The tap target <button class="glide__bullet active"> and 1 others are close to other tap targets.

The tap target <button class="glide__bullet"> and 6 others are close to other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="/About/">О сайте</a> and 2 others are close to other tap targets.
The tap target <span class="pseudo version…_link_impaired">Версия для слабовидящих</span> is close to 1 other tap targets.
The tap target <span class="pseudo version…_link_impaired">Версия для слабовидящих</span> is close to 1 other tap targets.
The tap target <a href="/contacts/">Контактная информация</a> and 1 others are close to other tap targets.

cbr.ru Mobile Resources

Total Resources55
Number of Hosts2
Static Resources51
JavaScript Resources26
CSS Resources11

cbr.ru Mobile Resource Breakdown

cbr.ru similar domains

Similar domains:
www.cbr.com
www.cbr.net
www.cbr.org
www.cbr.info
www.cbr.biz
www.cbr.us
www.cbr.mobi
www.br.ru
www.cbr.ru
www.xbr.ru
www.cxbr.ru
www.xcbr.ru
www.dbr.ru
www.cdbr.ru
www.dcbr.ru
www.fbr.ru
www.cfbr.ru
www.fcbr.ru
www.vbr.ru
www.cvbr.ru
www.vcbr.ru
www.cr.ru
www.cvr.ru
www.cbvr.ru
www.cgr.ru
www.cbgr.ru
www.cgbr.ru
www.chr.ru
www.cbhr.ru
www.chbr.ru
www.cnr.ru
www.cbnr.ru
www.cnbr.ru
www.cb.ru
www.cbe.ru
www.cbre.ru
www.cber.ru
www.cbd.ru
www.cbrd.ru
www.cbdr.ru
www.cbf.ru
www.cbrf.ru
www.cbfr.ru
www.cbt.ru
www.cbrt.ru
www.cbtr.ru

cbr.ru Ping

Ping is a networking utility tool to test if a particular host is reachable. It is a diagnostic that checks reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network. In a computer network, a ping test is a way of sending messages from one host to another. Aside from checking if the host is connected to a network, ping also gives indicators of the reliability and general speed of the connection.


cbr.ru TRACEROUTE

Traceroute is a network diagnostic tool used to track the pathway taken by a packet on an IP network from source to destination. Traceroute also records the time taken for each hop the packet makes during its route to the destination. Traceroute uses ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo packets with variable time to live values. The response time of each hop is calculated. To guarantee accuracy, each hop is queried multiple times (usually three times) to better measure the response of that particular hop.