CUC.EDU.CN 中国传媒大学 白杨网


cuc.edu.cn website information.

cuc.edu.cn domain name is registered by .CN top-level domain registry. See the other sites registred in .CN domain zone.

Following name servers are specified for cuc.edu.cn domain:

  • PDNS.cuc.edu.cn
  • BDNS2.cuc.edu.cn
  • BDNS.cuc.edu.cn

and probably website cuc.edu.cn is hosted by CLOUDFLARENET - Cloudflare, Inc., US web hosting company. Check the complete list of other most popular websites hosted by CLOUDFLARENET - Cloudflare, Inc., US hosting company.

According to Alexa traffic rank the highest website cuc.edu.cn position was 440 (in the world). The lowest Alexa rank position was 574121. Now website cuc.edu.cn ranked in Alexa database as number 6052 (in the world).

Website cuc.edu.cn Desktop speed measurement score (36/100) is better than the results of 12% of other sites shows that the page desktop performance can be improved.

cuc.edu.cn Mobile usability score (57/100) is better than the results of 1.03% of other sites and shows that the page mobile usability is poor and can be improved.

Mobile speed measurement score of cuc.edu.cn (32/100) is better than the results of 11.35% of other sites and shows that the landing page performance on mobile devices is poor and can be improved.

Weekly Rank Report

DateRankChange
Jun-28-2022 6,052-1,481
Jun-27-2022 4,571596
Jun-26-2022 5,167-388
Jun-25-2022 4,779-1,922
Jun-24-2022 2,8571,165
Jun-23-2022 4,0223,143
Jun-22-2022 7,165-3,267

Advertisement

cuc.edu.cn Rank History

Alexa can identify the popularity of a website as well as its competitors. It is important for website owners and bloggers to know their Alexa ranking because it shows how many visitors have viewed their web page. It gives them a clear idea of how popular their website is on the internet and the ranking of their competitors.



cuc.edu.cn whois

WHOIS is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an Internet resource, such as a domain name, an IP address block, or an autonomous system, but is also used for a wider range of other information.


Out of this registry.

cuc.edu.cn server information

Servers Location

IP Address
60.247.40.1
Country
China
Region
Beijing
City
Beijing

cuc.edu.cn desktop page speed rank

Last tested: 2019-12-11


Desktop Speed Bad
36/100

cuc.edu.cn Desktop Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 141 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 1.3MiB (51% reduction).

Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/F2/13/dNXNClUvB7CrB3IaAA3ZdIVvDJ0428.jpg could save 726.6KiB (81% reduction).
Compressing and resizing http://img01.cuctv.com/M02/04/C9/cR9ARlUnkHK2p6SaAAklwQrPoiQ463.jpg could save 569.8KiB (97% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/1D/5D/cR9ARlQXyHiW3QPQAAH3WT2PA3I043.jpg could save 22.1KiB (18% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M02/D0/1F/cR8oB1Vn0CDc92FwAAI55v2na_w833.jpg could save 22.1KiB (16% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/E2/33/dNXNClQZQgzRrbpAAAI2rDFGYsA862.jpg could save 5.4KiB (4% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/DE/F0/dNXNClQZPJeDtuSsAAMhfgFr1aY849.jpg could save 5.4KiB (3% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/logo-top.png could save 4.8KiB (23% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/bg-icon24.png could save 4.6KiB (10% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/55/B3/cR8oB1QZhcGFonQqAAPt3WPcRWQ624.jpg could save 4.5KiB (2% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M00/91/27/dNXNClRa6BrdtYvbAAF2qzY59nw623.jpg could save 3.9KiB (5% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M00/71/D5/cR9ARlRa6EvUlBpLAAE26Nn-Ieo793.jpg could save 3.7KiB (5% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M02/DB/E7/cR9ARlOein6az450AAGqEVx7vic011.jpg could save 849B (1% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/trans-40.png could save 837B (89% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/by-img.png could save 811B (31% reduction).

priority - 29 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 282.7KiB (72% reduction).

Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/all.css could save 90.5KiB (81% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/jquery-1.7.2.min.js could save 59.7KiB (64% reduction).
Compressing http://static.cuctv.com/js/utlis/video.js could save 47.2KiB (70% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/by.js could save 36.5KiB (71% reduction).
Compressing http://static.cuctv.com/css/2014/pb/video-js.css could save 11.4KiB (78% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/dialog-min.js could save 8.2KiB (62% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/ui-dialog.css could save 7.6KiB (78% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/super_slide.js could save 7.5KiB (70% reduction).
Compressing http://s4.cnzz.com/z_stat.php?id=1253347479&web_id=1253347479 could save 6.5KiB (65% reduction).
Compressing http://s5.cnzz.com/stat.php?id=1912558&web_id=1912558 could save 6.5KiB (65% reduction).
Compressing http://c.cnzz.com/core.php?web_id=1912558&t=z could save 1.2KiB (47% reduction).

priority - 10 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 2 blocking script resources and 3 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/jquery-1.7.2.min.js
http://static.cuctv.com/js/utlis/video.js

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/all.css
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/ui-dialog.css
http://static.cuctv.com/css/2014/pb/video-js.css

priority - 7 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/all.css (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/ui-dialog.css (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/bg-body.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/bg-icon24.png (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/by-img.png (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/logo-top.png (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/trans-40.png (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/by.js (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/dialog-min.js (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/jquery-1.7.2.min.js (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/super_slide.js (expiration not specified)
http://c.cnzz.com/core.php?web_id=1253347479&t=z (15 minutes)
http://c.cnzz.com/core.php?web_id=1912558&t=z (15 minutes)
http://s4.cnzz.com/z_stat.php?id=1253347479&web_id=1253347479 (90 minutes)
http://s5.cnzz.com/stat.php?id=1912558&web_id=1912558 (90 minutes)

priority - 2 Minify JavaScript

Compacting JavaScript code can save many bytes of data and speed up downloading, parsing, and execution time.

Minify JavaScript for the following resources to reduce their size by 18.1KiB (36% reduction).

Minifying http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/by.js could save 18.1KiB (36% reduction).

priority - 0 Minify CSS

Compacting CSS code can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify CSS for the following resources to reduce their size by 2.3KiB (10% reduction).

Minifying http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/ui-dialog.css could save 1.7KiB (18% reduction).
Minifying http://static.cuctv.com/css/2014/pb/video-js.css could save 531B (4% reduction).

cuc.edu.cn Desktop Resources

Total Resources38
Number of Hosts11
Static Resources30
JavaScript Resources9
CSS Resources3

cuc.edu.cn Desktop Resource Breakdown

cuc.edu.cn mobile page speed rank

Last tested: 2018-10-28


Mobile Speed Bad
32/100

cuc.edu.cn Mobile Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 141 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 1.3MiB (51% reduction).

Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/F2/13/dNXNClUvB7CrB3IaAA3ZdIVvDJ0428.jpg could save 726.6KiB (81% reduction).
Compressing and resizing http://img01.cuctv.com/M02/04/C9/cR9ARlUnkHK2p6SaAAklwQrPoiQ463.jpg could save 569.8KiB (97% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/1D/5D/cR9ARlQXyHiW3QPQAAH3WT2PA3I043.jpg could save 22.1KiB (18% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M02/D0/1F/cR8oB1Vn0CDc92FwAAI55v2na_w833.jpg could save 22.1KiB (16% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/E2/33/dNXNClQZQgzRrbpAAAI2rDFGYsA862.jpg could save 5.4KiB (4% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/DE/F0/dNXNClQZPJeDtuSsAAMhfgFr1aY849.jpg could save 5.4KiB (3% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/logo-top.png could save 4.8KiB (23% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/bg-icon24.png could save 4.6KiB (10% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M01/55/B3/cR8oB1QZhcGFonQqAAPt3WPcRWQ624.jpg could save 4.5KiB (2% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M00/91/27/dNXNClRa6BrdtYvbAAF2qzY59nw623.jpg could save 3.9KiB (5% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M00/71/D5/cR9ARlRa6EvUlBpLAAE26Nn-Ieo793.jpg could save 3.7KiB (5% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://img01.cuctv.com/M02/DB/E7/cR9ARlOein6az450AAGqEVx7vic011.jpg could save 849B (1% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/trans-40.png could save 837B (89% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/by-img.png could save 811B (31% reduction).

priority - 40 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 2 blocking script resources and 3 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/jquery-1.7.2.min.js
http://static.cuctv.com/js/utlis/video.js

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/all.css
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/ui-dialog.css
http://static.cuctv.com/css/2014/pb/video-js.css

priority - 28 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 271.3KiB (71% reduction).

Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/all.css could save 90.5KiB (81% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/jquery-1.7.2.min.js could save 59.7KiB (64% reduction).
Compressing http://static.cuctv.com/js/utlis/video.js could save 47.2KiB (70% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/by.js could save 36.5KiB (71% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/dialog-min.js could save 8.2KiB (62% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/ui-dialog.css could save 7.6KiB (78% reduction).
Compressing http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/super_slide.js could save 7.5KiB (70% reduction).
Compressing http://s4.cnzz.com/z_stat.php?id=1253347479&web_id=1253347479 could save 6.5KiB (65% reduction).
Compressing http://s5.cnzz.com/stat.php?id=1912558&web_id=1912558 could save 6.5KiB (65% reduction).
Compressing http://c.cnzz.com/core.php?web_id=1912558&t=z could save 1.2KiB (47% reduction).

priority - 11 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/all.css (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/ui-dialog.css (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/bg-body.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/bg-icon24.png (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/by-img.png (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/logo-top.png (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/img/trans-40.png (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/by.js (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/dialog-min.js (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/jquery-1.7.2.min.js (expiration not specified)
http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/super_slide.js (expiration not specified)
http://c.cnzz.com/core.php?web_id=1253347479&t=z (15 minutes)
http://c.cnzz.com/core.php?web_id=1912558&t=z (15 minutes)
http://s4.cnzz.com/z_stat.php?id=1253347479&web_id=1253347479 (90 minutes)
http://s5.cnzz.com/stat.php?id=1912558&web_id=1912558 (90 minutes)

priority - 2 Minify JavaScript

Compacting JavaScript code can save many bytes of data and speed up downloading, parsing, and execution time.

Minify JavaScript for the following resources to reduce their size by 18.1KiB (36% reduction).

Minifying http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/js/common/by.js could save 18.1KiB (36% reduction).

priority - 0 Minify CSS

Compacting CSS code can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify CSS for the following resources to reduce their size by 1.7KiB (18% reduction).

Minifying http://by.cuc.edu.cn/statics/css/ui-dialog.css could save 1.7KiB (18% reduction).

cuc.edu.cn Mobile Resources

Total Resources39
Number of Hosts11
Static Resources30
JavaScript Resources9
CSS Resources3

cuc.edu.cn Mobile Resource Breakdown

cuc.edu.cn mobile page usability

Last tested: 2018-10-28


Mobile Usability Bad
57/100

cuc.edu.cn Mobile Usability Test Quick Summary


priority - 40 Use legible font sizes

The following text on your page renders in a way that may be difficult for some of your visitors to read. Use legible font sizes to provide a better user experience.

The following text fragments have a small font size. Increase the font size to make them more legible.

[ENGLISH] and 1 others render only 5 pixels tall (16 CSS pixels).
| renders only 5 pixels tall (16 CSS pixels).
白杨首页 and 10 others render only 4 pixels tall (14 CSS pixels).

第13届“半夏的纪念”影像展宣传片《半夏▪希望》 renders only 4 pixels tall (14 CSS pixels).

第13届“半夏的纪念”影像展…夜》《黑车司机》《暗访》片花 and 3 others render only 4 pixels tall (14 CSS pixels).

高校电视联播 and 8 others render only 4 pixels tall (14 CSS pixels).

校园生活平台 and 3 others render only 5 pixels tall (16 CSS pixels).

瑞士洛迦诺国际电影节夏季学院…像未来”青年新锐遴选计划通知 and 14 others render only 4 pixels tall (14 CSS pixels).

报告 and 7 others render only 4 pixels tall (14 CSS pixels).
地址:北京市朝阳区定福庄东街…友(北京)传媒科技有限公司· and 7 others render only 3 pixels tall (12 CSS pixels).

© renders only 3 pixels tall (12 CSS pixels).

priority - 15 Size tap targets appropriately

Some of the links/buttons on your webpage may be too small for a user to easily tap on a touchscreen. Consider making these tap targets larger to provide a better user experience.

The following tap targets are close to other nearby tap targets and may need additional spacing around them.

The tap target <a href="http://by.cuc.edu.cn/xnzp">人才招聘</a> is close to 1 other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="http://by.cuc.edu.cn/news">新闻资讯</a> and 8 others are close to other tap targets.

The tap target <input type="text" class="inp"> is close to 2 other tap targets.
The tap target <span></span> is close to 1 other tap targets.
The tap target <input type="button" class="ico-n ico-sech"> is close to 1 other tap targets.
The tap target <a href="http://by.cuc.edu.cn/zcyw">中传要闻</a> and 3 others are close to other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="http://by.cuc.…zcyw/3010.html">我校第八届学术委员会第一次全体会议召开</a> and 14 others are close to other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="http://by.cuc.edu.cn/bgjz" class="box">报告讲座</a> and 3 others are close to other tap targets.
The tap target <a href="http://by.cuc.edu.cn/aboutUs/">关于我们</a> and 1 others are close to other tap targets.

priority - 15 Size content to viewport

The page content is too wide for the viewport, forcing the user to scroll horizontally. Size the page content to the viewport to provide a better user experience.

The page content is 1,200 CSS pixels wide, but the viewport is only 980 CSS pixels wide. The following elements fall outside the viewport:

The element <a href="http://by.cuc.….cuc.edu.cn%2F">登录</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="ico-n ico-ur ml5"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <span>|</span> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a href="http://www.cuc…cn/en2/cuc.htm">[ENGLISH]</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a>培训信息</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a>数字办公</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <img src="http://img01.c…3WPcRWQ624.jpg"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="tit">第13届“半夏的纪念”影像展宣传片《半夏▪希望》</em> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="ico-n ico-play-w"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="tit">第13届“半夏的纪念”影像展MV:给未来的自己</em> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="tit">第13届“半夏的纪念”影像展《医院里的中国》片花</em> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="tit">第13届“半夏的纪念”影像展…夜》《黑车司机》《暗访》片花</em> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="tit">第13届“半夏的纪念”影像展《那年我们在艺考》《鸟网》片花</em> falls outside the viewport.
The element <div class="l-con">新闻资讯…高校电视联播</div> falls outside the viewport.
The element <input type="text" class="inp"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <input type="button" class="ico-n ico-sech"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <h3 class="hd">通知公告</h3> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a href="http://by.cuc.…ggao/2756.html">本周校领导接待日(6月11日)安排</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a href="http://by.cuc.…gzhi/2950.html">关于组织参观第二届国际网络安全宣传活动的通知</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a href="http://by.cuc.…gzhi/2949.html">瑞士洛迦诺国际电影节夏季学院…像未来”青年新锐遴选计划通知</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a href="http://by.cuc.…ggao/2756.html">本周校领导接待日(6月4日)安排</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a href="http://by.cuc.…ggao/2897.html">“半夏的纪念”2015北京(国际)大学生影像展提名作品公告</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a href="http://by.cuc.edu.cn/shpt">校园生活平台</a> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="ico-n ico-report"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <span class="tit">报告讲座</span> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="ico-n…ico-edu-online"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <span class="tit">教务在线</span> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="ico-n…ico-enroll-stu"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <span class="tit">OA 办公</span> falls outside the viewport.
The element <em class="ico-n…ico-dig-office"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <span class="tit">后勤服务</span> falls outside the viewport.
The element <li class="on">1</li> falls outside the viewport.
The element <li>2</li> falls outside the viewport.
The element <li>3</li> falls outside the viewport.
The element <li>4</li> falls outside the viewport.
The element <li>5</li> falls outside the viewport.
The element <li>6</li> falls outside the viewport.
The element <img src="http://img01.c…5v2na_w833.jpg"> falls outside the viewport.
The element <a href="http://www.cuctv.com" class="style-a-red">视友网</a> falls outside the viewport.

priority - 10 Configure the viewport

Your page does not have a viewport specified. This causes mobile devices to render your page as it would appear on a desktop browser, scaling it down to fit on a mobile screen. Configure a viewport to allow your page to render properly on all devices.

Configure a viewport for this page.

cuc.edu.cn similar domains

Similar domains:
www.cuc.com
www.cuc.net
www.cuc.org
www.cuc.info
www.cuc.biz
www.cuc.us
www.cuc.mobi
www.uc.edu.cn
www.cuc.edu.cn
www.xuc.edu.cn
www.cxuc.edu.cn
www.xcuc.edu.cn
www.duc.edu.cn
www.cduc.edu.cn
www.dcuc.edu.cn
www.fuc.edu.cn
www.cfuc.edu.cn
www.fcuc.edu.cn
www.vuc.edu.cn
www.cvuc.edu.cn
www.vcuc.edu.cn
www.cc.edu.cn
www.cyc.edu.cn
www.cuyc.edu.cn
www.cyuc.edu.cn
www.chc.edu.cn
www.cuhc.edu.cn
www.chuc.edu.cn
www.cjc.edu.cn
www.cujc.edu.cn
www.cjuc.edu.cn
www.cic.edu.cn
www.cuic.edu.cn
www.ciuc.edu.cn
www.cu.edu.cn
www.cux.edu.cn
www.cucx.edu.cn
www.cuxc.edu.cn
www.cud.edu.cn
www.cucd.edu.cn
www.cudc.edu.cn
www.cuf.edu.cn
www.cucf.edu.cn
www.cufc.edu.cn
www.cuv.edu.cn
www.cucv.edu.cn
www.cuvc.edu.cn

cuc.edu.cn Ping

Ping is a networking utility tool to test if a particular host is reachable. It is a diagnostic that checks reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network. In a computer network, a ping test is a way of sending messages from one host to another. Aside from checking if the host is connected to a network, ping also gives indicators of the reliability and general speed of the connection.


cuc.edu.cn TRACEROUTE

Traceroute is a network diagnostic tool used to track the pathway taken by a packet on an IP network from source to destination. Traceroute also records the time taken for each hop the packet makes during its route to the destination. Traceroute uses ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo packets with variable time to live values. The response time of each hop is calculated. To guarantee accuracy, each hop is queried multiple times (usually three times) to better measure the response of that particular hop.