ELNACIONAL.CAT El Nacional.cat - Actualitat política i econòmica a Catalunya, Espanya i global


elnacional.cat website information.

elnacional.cat domain name is registered by .CAT top-level domain registry. See the other sites registred in .CAT domain zone.

No name server records were found.

and probably website elnacional.cat is hosted by FASTLY - Fastly, US web hosting company. Check the complete list of other most popular websites hosted by FASTLY - Fastly, US hosting company.

According to Alexa traffic rank the highest website elnacional.cat position was 5062 (in the world). The lowest Alexa rank position was 901340. Now website elnacional.cat ranked in Alexa database as number 15815 (in the world).

Website elnacional.cat Desktop speed measurement score (64/100) is better than the results of 41.34% of other sites shows that the page desktop performance can be improved.

elnacional.cat Mobile usability score (99/100) is better than the results of 79.46% of other sites and means that the page is mobile-friendly.

Mobile speed measurement score of elnacional.cat (49/100) is better than the results of 31.99% of other sites and shows that the landing page performance on mobile devices is poor and can be improved.

Weekly Rank Report

DateRankChange
Dec-02-2022 15,815-1,893
Dec-01-2022 13,922-2,110
Nov-30-2022 11,8123,781
Nov-29-2022 15,593-3,711
Nov-28-2022 11,882-2,174
Nov-27-2022 9,7084,676
Nov-26-2022 14,384-4,731

Advertisement

elnacional.cat Rank History

Alexa can identify the popularity of a website as well as its competitors. It is important for website owners and bloggers to know their Alexa ranking because it shows how many visitors have viewed their web page. It gives them a clear idea of how popular their website is on the internet and the ranking of their competitors.



elnacional.cat whois

WHOIS is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an Internet resource, such as a domain name, an IP address block, or an autonomous system, but is also used for a wider range of other information.


elnacional.cat server information

Servers Location

IP Address
Country
Region
City

elnacional.cat desktop page speed rank

Last tested: 2019-06-17


Desktop Speed Bad
64/100

elnacional.cat Desktop Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 22 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 210.1KiB (14% reduction).

Compressing and resizing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnacional1/images/logo_esp.png could save 112.2KiB (80% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/tancada-1.jpg could save 21.9KiB (12% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cup-empat.jpg could save 20.4KiB (13% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…2015/elec2015-m-ca.png could save 11.8KiB (46% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…/images/logo_m_esp.png could save 9.5KiB (19% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/editor/jose_antich.png could save 7.9KiB (35% reduction).
Compressing and resizing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ec2015/elec2015-ca.png could save 5.6KiB (28% reduction).
Compressing and resizing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnacional1/images/blog.png could save 3.1KiB (96% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…/images/logo_petit.png could save 3.1KiB (83% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…Nacional-1-724x407.jpg could save 2.1KiB (3% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/MG_1299-724x483.jpg could save 1.8KiB (3% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…-en-alerta-724x481.jpg could save 1.8KiB (2% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/MG_2245-724x407.jpg could save 1.2KiB (3% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/La-Grossa-1515.jpg could save 1.1KiB (2% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2016/…la-2-HOME-20160102.jpg could save 1.1KiB (2% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…/publi/GN_3horas_M.jpg could save 1,022B (1% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…-2015-home-724x407.jpg could save 971B (3% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2016/…iny%C3%A0-3-home-1.jpg could save 966B (2% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…/publi/GN_3horas_G.jpg could save 942B (1% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…e-Fach%C3%ADn-Home.jpg could save 862B (3% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…68955_60d21af2f6_o.jpg could save 834B (3% reduction).

priority - 20 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/easy-…/css/essb-mailform.css (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnacional1/images/blog.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ec2015/elec2015-ca.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…2015/elec2015-m-ca.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…1/images/icn_blank.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…/images/icn_cercar.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ges/icn_m_cercar_f.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…1/images/icn_m_esp.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ages/icn_m_opcions.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ges/icn_s_facebook.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…es/icn_s_instagram.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…1/images/icn_s_rss.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ages/icn_s_twitter.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ages/icn_s_youtube.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnacional1/images/logo_esp.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnacional1/images/logo_m.svg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…/images/logo_m_esp.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…/images/logo_petit.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…/publi/GN_3horas_G.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…/publi/GN_3horas_M.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…agrossa_480X320-PX.gif (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…li/lagrossa_728X90.gif (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/CUP-TGN-home.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…68955_60d21af2f6_o.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…e-Fach%C3%ADn-Home.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…-2015-home-724x407.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…Nacional-1-724x407.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/La-Grossa-1515.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/MG_1299-724x483.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/MG_2245-724x407.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…-en-alerta-724x481.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2015/…h58m50s421-724x407.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2016/…iny%C3%A0-3-home-1.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2016/…blea-Barcelona-CUP.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2016/…la-2-HOME-20160102.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/cup-empat.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/tancada-1.jpg (expiration not specified)
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/uploads/editor/jose_antich.png (expiration not specified)
http://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id=GTM-MFRF28 (16.2 minutes)
http://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbevents.js (20 minutes)
http://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js (2 hours)

priority - 12 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 13 blocking script resources and 13 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.3…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/cooki…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/featu….js?ver=master-2015-08
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/featu…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jqueryui/1.1…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/cooki…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/featu…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/easy-…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/easy-…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac
http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac

priority - 3 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 24.1KiB (66% reduction).

Compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ax/dades.php?ine=99000 could save 15.4KiB (76% reduction).
Compressing http://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbevents.js could save 4.2KiB (56% reduction).
Compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ages/icn_s_youtube.svg could save 2.4KiB (57% reduction).
Compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…ages/icn_s_twitter.svg could save 875B (47% reduction).
Compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…es/icn_s_instagram.svg could save 727B (48% reduction).
Compressing http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…1/images/icn_m_esp.svg could save 550B (42% reduction).

priority - 1 Minify CSS

Compacting CSS code can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify CSS for the following resources to reduce their size by 3.1KiB (12% reduction).

Minifying http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac could save 1.9KiB (25% reduction) after compression.
Minifying http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/easy-…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac could save 715B (5% reduction) after compression.
Minifying http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac could save 522B (22% reduction) after compression.

priority - 0 Minify JavaScript

Compacting JavaScript code can save many bytes of data and speed up downloading, parsing, and execution time.

Minify JavaScript for the following resources to reduce their size by 1.2KiB (2% reduction).

Minifying http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/themes/elnaci…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac could save 622B (2% reduction) after compression.
Minifying http://www.elnacional.cat/wp-content/plugins/photo…dab6b7140e59ef0cb023ac could save 603B (25% reduction) after compression.

priority - 0 Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 895B (5% reduction).

Minifying http://www.elnacional.cat/ca/ could save 895B (5% reduction) after compression.

elnacional.cat Desktop Resources

Total Resources85
Number of Hosts8
Static Resources43
JavaScript Resources22
CSS Resources14

elnacional.cat Desktop Resource Breakdown

elnacional.cat mobile page speed rank

Last tested: 2019-11-05


Mobile Speed Bad
49/100

elnacional.cat Mobile Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 40 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 2 blocking script resources and 5 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js
https://www3.smartadserver.com/config.js?nwid=1778

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

https://www.elnacional.cat/uploads/static/fonts2.css
https://www.elnacional.cat/uploads/static/infobols…l-0.1.1/css/portal.css
https://www.elnacional.cat/uploads/static/infobols…nal-0.1.1/css/grid.css
https://www.elnacional.cat/css/0d31e7e.css?v=5dc0c953ca05f
https://www.elnacional.cat/css/21019ea.css?v=5dc0c956673a8

priority - 34 Avoid landing page redirects

Your page has 2 redirects. Redirects introduce additional delays before the page can be loaded.

Avoid landing page redirects for the following chain of redirected URLs.

http://elnacional.cat/
https://elnacional.cat/
https://www.elnacional.cat/

priority - 17 Reduce server response time

In our test, your server responded in 0.70 seconds.

There are many factors that can slow down your server response time. Please read our recommendations to learn how you can monitor and measure where your server is spending the most time.

priority - 12 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

https://quantcast.mgr.consensu.org/cmp.js (expiration not specified)
https://www.elnacional.cat/_call?controller=Comiti…ca&_uuid=5dc0a8b80a583 (4 minutes)
https://www.elnacional.cat/css/0d31e7e.css?v=5dc0c953ca05f (5 minutes)
https://www.elnacional.cat/css/21019ea.css?v=5dc0c956673a8 (5 minutes)
https://www.elnacional.cat/js/8d81ddd.js?v=5dc0c956672dd (5 minutes)
https://www.elnacional.cat/js/b2f8b6b.js?v=5dc0c953cca66 (5 minutes)
https://www.elnacional.cat/uploads/static/fonts2.css (5 minutes)
https://www.elnacional.cat/uploads/static/infobols…nal-0.1.1/css/grid.css (5 minutes)
https://www.elnacional.cat/uploads/static/infobols…l-0.1.1/css/portal.css (5 minutes)
https://www.googletagmanager.com/gtm.js?id=GTM-MFRF28 (15 minutes)
https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbevents.js (20 minutes)
https://connect.facebook.net/signals/config/438800…03760?v=2.9.5&r=stable (20 minutes)
https://www.googletagservices.com/activeview/js/cu…dar.js?cache=r20110914 (50 minutes)
https://static.chartbeat.com/js/chartbeat.js (2 hours)
https://static.chartbeat.com/js/chartbeat_mab.js (2 hours)
https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js (2 hours)
https://www.elnacional.cat/cdn-cgi/scripts/5c5dd72…ic/email-decode.min.js (2 days)

priority - 10 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 96KiB (89% reduction).

Compressing and resizing https://www.elnacional.cat/uploads/s1/35/58/85/8/lal-banner-1258x305.jpeg could save 66KiB (90% reduction).
Compressing and resizing https://www.elnacional.cat/uploads/s1/21/73/21/5/E…0banner%201260x155.png could save 30KiB (86% reduction).

priority - 0 Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 518B (27% reduction).

Minifying https://s0.2mdn.net/4012136/1556115938921/300x300.html could save 518B (27% reduction) after compression.

elnacional.cat Mobile Resources

Total Resources249
Number of Hosts25
Static Resources210
JavaScript Resources39
CSS Resources5

elnacional.cat Mobile Resource Breakdown

elnacional.cat mobile page usability

Last tested: 2019-11-05


Mobile Usability Good
99/100

elnacional.cat Mobile Usability Test Quick Summary


priority - 0 Size tap targets appropriately

Some of the links/buttons on your webpage may be too small for a user to easily tap on a touchscreen. Consider making these tap targets larger to provide a better user experience.

The following tap targets are close to other nearby tap targets and may need additional spacing around them.

The tap target <a href="https://www.el…e-cookies.html">Més informació.</a> is close to 1 other tap targets.

elnacional.cat similar domains

Similar domains:
www.elnacional.com
www.elnacional.net
www.elnacional.org
www.elnacional.info
www.elnacional.biz
www.elnacional.us
www.elnacional.mobi
www.lnacional.cat
www.elnacional.cat
www.wlnacional.cat
www.ewlnacional.cat
www.welnacional.cat
www.slnacional.cat
www.eslnacional.cat
www.selnacional.cat
www.dlnacional.cat
www.edlnacional.cat
www.delnacional.cat
www.rlnacional.cat
www.erlnacional.cat
www.relnacional.cat
www.enacional.cat
www.epnacional.cat
www.elpnacional.cat
www.eplnacional.cat
www.eonacional.cat
www.elonacional.cat
www.eolnacional.cat
www.eknacional.cat
www.elknacional.cat
www.eklnacional.cat
www.elacional.cat
www.elbacional.cat
www.elnbacional.cat
www.elbnacional.cat
www.elhacional.cat
www.elnhacional.cat
www.elhnacional.cat
www.eljacional.cat
www.elnjacional.cat
www.eljnacional.cat
www.elmacional.cat
www.elnmacional.cat
www.elmnacional.cat
www.elncional.cat
www.elnqcional.cat
www.elnaqcional.cat
www.elnqacional.cat
www.elnwcional.cat
www.elnawcional.cat
www.elnwacional.cat
www.elnscional.cat
www.elnascional.cat
www.elnsacional.cat
www.elnzcional.cat
www.elnazcional.cat
www.elnzacional.cat
www.elnaional.cat
www.elnaxional.cat
www.elnacxional.cat
www.elnaxcional.cat
www.elnadional.cat
www.elnacdional.cat
www.elnadcional.cat
www.elnafional.cat
www.elnacfional.cat
www.elnafcional.cat
www.elnavional.cat
www.elnacvional.cat
www.elnavcional.cat
www.elnaconal.cat
www.elnacuonal.cat
www.elnaciuonal.cat
www.elnacuional.cat
www.elnacjonal.cat
www.elnacijonal.cat
www.elnacjional.cat
www.elnackonal.cat
www.elnacikonal.cat
www.elnackional.cat
www.elnacoonal.cat
www.elnacioonal.cat
www.elnacoional.cat
www.elnacinal.cat
www.elnaciinal.cat
www.elnacioinal.cat
www.elnaciional.cat
www.elnaciknal.cat
www.elnacioknal.cat
www.elnacilnal.cat
www.elnaciolnal.cat
www.elnacilonal.cat
www.elnacipnal.cat
www.elnaciopnal.cat
www.elnaciponal.cat
www.elnacioal.cat
www.elnaciobal.cat
www.elnacionbal.cat
www.elnaciobnal.cat
www.elnaciohal.cat
www.elnacionhal.cat
www.elnaciohnal.cat
www.elnaciojal.cat
www.elnacionjal.cat
www.elnaciojnal.cat
www.elnaciomal.cat
www.elnacionmal.cat
www.elnaciomnal.cat
www.elnacionl.cat
www.elnacionql.cat
www.elnacionaql.cat
www.elnacionqal.cat
www.elnacionwl.cat
www.elnacionawl.cat
www.elnacionwal.cat
www.elnacionsl.cat
www.elnacionasl.cat
www.elnacionsal.cat
www.elnacionzl.cat
www.elnacionazl.cat
www.elnacionzal.cat
www.elnaciona.cat
www.elnacionap.cat
www.elnacionalp.cat
www.elnacionapl.cat
www.elnacionao.cat
www.elnacionalo.cat
www.elnacionaol.cat
www.elnacionak.cat
www.elnacionalk.cat
www.elnacionakl.cat

elnacional.cat Ping

Ping is a networking utility tool to test if a particular host is reachable. It is a diagnostic that checks reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network. In a computer network, a ping test is a way of sending messages from one host to another. Aside from checking if the host is connected to a network, ping also gives indicators of the reliability and general speed of the connection.


elnacional.cat TRACEROUTE

Traceroute is a network diagnostic tool used to track the pathway taken by a packet on an IP network from source to destination. Traceroute also records the time taken for each hop the packet makes during its route to the destination. Traceroute uses ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo packets with variable time to live values. The response time of each hop is calculated. To guarantee accuracy, each hop is queried multiple times (usually three times) to better measure the response of that particular hop.