MARVEL.RU Марвел-Дистрибуция


marvel.ru website information.

marvel.ru domain name is registered by .RU top-level domain registry. See the other sites registred in .RU domain zone.

Following name servers are specified for marvel.ru domain:

  • ns2.r01.ru
  • ns1.r01.ru

and probably website marvel.ru is hosted by TEKNET YAZLIM VE BILGISAYAR TEKNOLOJILERI - NUH AHMET FIRAT web hosting company. Check the complete list of other most popular websites hosted by TEKNET YAZLIM VE BILGISAYAR TEKNOLOJILERI - NUH AHMET FIRAT hosting company.

According to Alexa traffic rank the highest website marvel.ru position was 35063 (in the world). The lowest Alexa rank position was 998252. Now website marvel.ru ranked in Alexa database as number 543956 (in the world).

Website marvel.ru Desktop speed measurement score (57/100) is better than the results of 31.79% of other sites shows that the page desktop performance can be improved.

marvel.ru Mobile usability score (72/100) is better than the results of 22.14% of other sites and shows that the page mobile usability is poor and can be improved.

Mobile speed measurement score of marvel.ru (47/100) is better than the results of 28.68% of other sites and shows that the landing page performance on mobile devices is poor and can be improved.

Weekly Rank Report

DateRankChange
Mar-26-2023 N/AN/A
Mar-25-2023 543,95611,938
Mar-24-2023 555,894-2,639
Mar-23-2023 553,255-8,139
Mar-22-2023 545,1163,976
Mar-21-2023 549,09212,701
Mar-20-2023 561,793-10,162

Advertisement

marvel.ru Rank History

Alexa can identify the popularity of a website as well as its competitors. It is important for website owners and bloggers to know their Alexa ranking because it shows how many visitors have viewed their web page. It gives them a clear idea of how popular their website is on the internet and the ranking of their competitors.



marvel.ru whois

WHOIS is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an Internet resource, such as a domain name, an IP address block, or an autonomous system, but is also used for a wider range of other information.


% By submitting a query to RIPN's Whois Service
% you agree to abide by the following terms of use:
% http://www.ripn.net/about/servpol.html#3.2 (in Russian)
% http://www.ripn.net/about/en/servpol.html#3.2 (in English).

domain: MARVEL.RU
nserver: ns1.r01.ru.
nserver: ns2.r01.ru.
state: REGISTERED, DELEGATED, VERIFIED
org: Limited Liability Company "Marvel CT"
registrar: RU-CENTER-RU
admin-contact: https://www.nic.ru/whois
created: 1996-10-14T17:47:38Z
paid-till: 2021-10-31T21:00:00Z
free-date: 2021-12-02
source: TCI

Last updated on 2021-06-02T22:51:30Z

marvel.ru server information

Servers Location

IP Address
92.53.113.175
Region
Sankt-Peterburg
City
Saint Petersburg

marvel.ru desktop page speed rank

Last tested: 2019-01-18


Desktop Speed Bad
57/100

marvel.ru Desktop Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 55 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 538.9KiB (49% reduction).

Compressing http://marvel.ru/css/font.css could save 142.3KiB (26% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/plupload.full.min.js could save 71.8KiB (67% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/jquery-ui-1.10.3.custom.min.js could save 64.9KiB (73% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/jquery-1.10.1.min.js could save 58.8KiB (64% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/css/main.css?v=6 could save 54.1KiB (80% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/main.js?v=7 could save 42KiB (78% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/jquery.liMarquee.js could save 21.9KiB (85% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/fotorama-4.4.7/fotorama.js could save 20.8KiB (58% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/fancybox/jquery.fancybox.pack.js could save 14.2KiB (62% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/magnific/jquery.magnific-popup.min.js could save 12.9KiB (63% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/fotorama-4.4.7/fotorama.css could save 11.1KiB (81% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/jquery.easing.1.3.js could save 6.2KiB (75% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/history.min.js?type=/? could save 4.9KiB (53% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/sisyphus.min.js could save 4.5KiB (71% reduction).
Compressing http://counter.rambler.ru/top100.jcn?1851499 could save 3.8KiB (56% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/fancybox/jquery.fancybox.css could save 3.6KiB (72% reduction).
Compressing http://marvel.ru/js/jquery.groupinputs.min.js could save 1.2KiB (51% reduction).

priority - 10 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 17 blocking script resources and 4 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

http://marvel.ru/js/history.min.js?type=/?
http://marvel.ru/js/jquery-1.10.1.min.js
http://marvel.ru/js/jquery-ui-1.10.3.custom.min.js
http://marvel.ru/js/jquery.easing.1.3.js
http://marvel.ru/js/sisyphus.min.js
http://marvel.ru/js/magnific/jquery.magnific-popup.min.js
http://marvel.ru/js/fotorama-4.4.7/fotorama.js
http://marvel.ru/js/jquery.liMarquee.js
http://marvel.ru/js/main.js?v=7
http://marvel.ru/js/jquery.groupinputs.min.js
http://marvel.ru/js/plupload.full.min.js
http://marvel.ru/js/fancybox/jquery.fancybox.pack.js
http://marvel.ru/js/jquery.liMarquee.js
http://counter.rambler.ru/top100.jcn?1851499
http://tools.spylog.ru/counter_cv.js
http://api-maps.yandex.ru/2.0-stable/?load=package.standard&lang=ru-RU

Use asynchronous versions of the following scripts:

https://mc.yandex.ru/metrika/watch.js

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

http://marvel.ru/css/font.css
http://marvel.ru/css/main.css?v=6
http://marvel.ru/js/fotorama-4.4.7/fotorama.css
http://marvel.ru/js/fancybox/jquery.fancybox.css

priority - 7 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 66.6KiB (15% reduction).

Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/astera2014_1423554327.png could save 10.2KiB (52% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/ibm_1401864232_thumb.png could save 4.7KiB (78% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/apple_2015_thumb.png could save 3.7KiB (77% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/extreme_1_thumb.png could save 3.6KiB (79% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/hp_1404367191_thumb.png could save 3.5KiB (51% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/htc_1402316897_thumb.png could save 3.1KiB (87% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/asus_1404110951_thumb.png could save 3.1KiB (44% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/acer_1387277990_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (79% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/canon_1387278149_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (78% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/nokia_1395391356_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (28% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/oracle_1387278485_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (67% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/sony_1387278644_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (80% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/cisco_1387278175_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (76% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/apc_1387278071_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (75% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/avaya_1387278110_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (77% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/dlink_1387278245_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (80% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/i/sprites/sprite.png could save 2KiB (32% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/emea.png could save 1.8KiB (17% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/6_re2_crop.jpg could save 1.3KiB (1% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/i/ks.gif could save 1.2KiB (83% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/2_re2_trick2_1387205648.jpg could save 1.1KiB (1% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/honor14.png could save 806B (4% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/i/logo.png could save 728B (25% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/images/bannerimg.jpg could save 710B (3% reduction).
Losslessly compressing http://marvel.ru/i/shadow.png could save 656B (54% reduction).

priority - 4 Minify JavaScript

Compacting JavaScript code can save many bytes of data and speed up downloading, parsing, and execution time.

Minify JavaScript for the following resources to reduce their size by 40.8KiB (22% reduction).

Minifying http://marvel.ru/js/main.js?v=7 could save 24.2KiB (46% reduction).
Minifying http://marvel.ru/js/jquery.liMarquee.js could save 11.4KiB (45% reduction).
Minifying http://marvel.ru/js/jquery.easing.1.3.js could save 4.6KiB (56% reduction).
Minifying http://marvel.ru/js/plupload.full.min.js could save 540B (1% reduction).

priority - 2 Prioritize visible content

Your page requires additional network round trips to render the above-the-fold content. For best performance, reduce the amount of HTML needed to render above-the-fold content.

The entire HTML response was not sufficient to render the above-the-fold content. This usually indicates that additional resources, loaded after HTML parsing, were required to render above-the-fold content. Prioritize visible content that is needed for rendering above-the-fold by including it directly in the HTML response.

Only about 11% of the final above-the-fold content could be rendered with the full HTML response.

priority - 1 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

https://api-maps.yandex.ru/2.0-stable/?load=package.standard&lang=ru-RU (5 minutes)
https://mc.yandex.ru/metrika/watch.js (60 minutes)
http://www.google-analytics.com/ga.js (2 hours)

priority - 0 Minify CSS

Compacting CSS code can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify CSS for the following resources to reduce their size by 1.2KiB (24% reduction).

Minifying http://marvel.ru/js/fancybox/jquery.fancybox.css could save 1.2KiB (24% reduction).

priority - 0 Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 586B (12% reduction).

Minifying http://marvel.ru/ could save 586B (12% reduction) after compression.

marvel.ru Desktop Resources

Total Resources63
Number of Hosts8
Static Resources53
JavaScript Resources19
CSS Resources4

marvel.ru Desktop Resource Breakdown

marvel.ru mobile page speed rank

Last tested: 2019-01-18


Mobile Speed Bad
47/100

marvel.ru Mobile Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 69 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 669.5KiB (61% reduction).

Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/_1481801221.jpg could save 562KiB (71% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/1200x180marvelru.jpg could save 31.9KiB (58% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/zenit_1464770631.jpg could save 22.9KiB (83% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/_1481801784.jpg could save 15.1KiB (11% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/ibm_1401864232_thumb.png could save 4.1KiB (69% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/extreme_1_thumb.png could save 3.1KiB (69% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/asus_1404110951_thumb.png could save 3.1KiB (44% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/htc_1402316897_thumb.png could save 2.9KiB (80% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/nokia_1395391356_thumb.png could save 2.7KiB (28% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/acer_1387277990_thumb.png could save 2.5KiB (71% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/sony_1387278644_thumb.png could save 2.4KiB (71% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/avaya_1387278110_thumb.png could save 2.4KiB (68% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/dlink_1387278245_thumb.png could save 2.4KiB (69% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/canon_1387278149_thumb.png could save 2.4KiB (68% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/apc_2015_thumb.png could save 2.3KiB (58% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/oracle_1387278485_thumb.png could save 2.1KiB (52% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/i/sprites/sprite.png could save 2KiB (32% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/i/ks.gif could save 1.1KiB (75% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/sprite-soc-icons.png could save 1.1KiB (24% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/i/shadow.png could save 725B (60% reduction).
Compressing http://www.marvel.ru/images/cisco2016_thumb.gif could save 529B (18% reduction).

priority - 40 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 18 blocking script resources and 4 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

http://www.marvel.ru/js/history.min.js?type=/?
http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery-1.10.1.min.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery-ui-1.10.3.custom.min.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery.easing.1.3.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery.cookie.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/sisyphus.min.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/magnific/jquery.magnific-popup.min.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/fotorama-4.4.7/fotorama.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery.liMarquee.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/main.js?v=9
http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery.groupinputs.min.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/plupload.full.min.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/fancybox/jquery.fancybox.pack.js
http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery.liMarquee.js
http://counter.rambler.ru/top100.jcn?1851499
http://tools.spylog.ru/counter_cv.js
http://api-maps.yandex.ru/2.0-stable/?load=package.standard&lang=ru-RU

Use asynchronous versions of the following scripts:

https://mc.yandex.ru/metrika/watch.js

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

http://www.marvel.ru/css/font.css
http://www.marvel.ru/css/main.css?v=8
http://www.marvel.ru/js/fotorama-4.4.7/fotorama.css
http://www.marvel.ru/js/fancybox/jquery.fancybox.css

priority - 8 Prioritize visible content

Your page requires additional network round trips to render the above-the-fold content. For best performance, reduce the amount of HTML needed to render above-the-fold content.

The entire HTML response was not sufficient to render the above-the-fold content. This usually indicates that additional resources, loaded after HTML parsing, were required to render above-the-fold content. Prioritize visible content that is needed for rendering above-the-fold by including it directly in the HTML response.

Only about 43% of the final above-the-fold content could be rendered with the full HTML response.

priority - 3 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 27.5KiB (63% reduction).

Compressing http://counter.rambler.ru/top100.jcn?1851499 could save 27.5KiB (63% reduction).

priority - 2 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

https://api-maps.yandex.ru/2.0-stable/?load=package.standard&lang=ru-RU (5 minutes)
https://mc.yandex.ru/metrika/watch.js (60 minutes)
http://www.google-analytics.com/ga.js (2 hours)

priority - 1 Minify JavaScript

Compacting JavaScript code can save many bytes of data and speed up downloading, parsing, and execution time.

Minify JavaScript for the following resources to reduce their size by 7.3KiB (36% reduction).

Minifying http://www.marvel.ru/js/main.js?v=9 could save 4.1KiB (31% reduction) after compression.
Minifying http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery.liMarquee.js could save 1.4KiB (41% reduction) after compression.
Minifying http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery.easing.1.3.js could save 1.1KiB (58% reduction) after compression.
Minifying http://www.marvel.ru/js/jquery.cookie.js could save 563B (42% reduction) after compression.

priority - 0 Reduce server response time

In our test, your server responded in 0.20 seconds. There are many factors that can slow down your server response time. Please read our recommendations to learn how you can monitor and measure where your server is spending the most time.

priority - 0 Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 564B (11% reduction).

Minifying http://www.marvel.ru/ could save 564B (11% reduction) after compression.

marvel.ru Mobile Resources

Total Resources67
Number of Hosts10
Static Resources56
JavaScript Resources20
CSS Resources4

marvel.ru Mobile Resource Breakdown

marvel.ru mobile page usability

Last tested: 2019-01-18


Mobile Usability Medium
72/100

marvel.ru Mobile Usability Test Quick Summary


priority - 23 Use legible font sizes

The following text on your page renders in a way that may be difficult for some of your visitors to read. Use legible font sizes to provide a better user experience.

The following text fragments have a small font size. Increase the font size to make them more legible.

Хабаровск renders only 6 pixels tall (16 CSS pixels).

RU renders only 5 pixels tall (12 CSS pixels).

CA-EN and 4 others render only 5 pixels tall (12 CSS pixels).

Вход для партн…в — Marvel B2B renders only 5 pixels tall (14 CSS pixels).

Стать партнером renders only 6 pixels tall (16 CSS pixels).

+7 (812) 326-3…анкт-Петербург and 1 others render only 6 pixels tall (16 CSS pixels).

поиск renders only 6 pixels tall (15 CSS pixels).

Новинки и поступления and 8 others render only 6 pixels tall (15 CSS pixels).

партнеров and 1 others render only 6 pixels tall (16 CSS pixels).

Присоединяйтесь! renders only 7 pixels tall (17 CSS pixels).

Все вендоры renders only 5 pixels tall (14 CSS pixels).

Марвел-Дистриб…рибутором года and 14 others render only 6 pixels tall (15 CSS pixels).

Решения для хр…вного класса — and 14 others render only 6 pixels tall (15 CSS pixels).

19 апреля - 28 апреля and 14 others render only 5 pixels tall (12 CSS pixels).

Сделано renders only 5 pixels tall (12 CSS pixels).
для продаж renders only 5 pixels tall (12 CSS pixels).
Марвел-Логистика renders only 5 pixels tall (14 CSS pixels).
Как мы работаем and 5 others render only 5 pixels tall (12 CSS pixels).
© 2013–2017, М…ел-Дистрибуция renders only 5 pixels tall (12 CSS pixels).

priority - 10 Configure the viewport

Your page does not have a viewport specified. This causes mobile devices to render your page as it would appear on a desktop browser, scaling it down to fit on a mobile screen. Configure a viewport to allow your page to render properly on all devices.

Configure a viewport for this page.

priority - 4 Avoid plugins

Your page uses plugins, which prevents portions of your page from being used on many platforms. Find alternatives for plugin based content to increase compatibility.

Find alternatives for the following Flash plugins.

http://www.marvel.ru/files/1200x180MarvelRU_1477476325.jpg (920 x 138).

priority - 2 Size tap targets appropriately

Some of the links/buttons on your webpage may be too small for a user to easily tap on a touchscreen. Consider making these tap targets larger to provide a better user experience.

The following tap targets are close to other nearby tap targets and may need additional spacing around them.

The tap target <div class="fotorama__nav…ama__nav--dots"></div> is close to 1 other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="/en/">En</a> and 4 others are close to other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="http://www.you…MNWethVNcu0sHw" class="soc-ico soc-ico-yt"> is close to 1 other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="https://www.fa…ldistribution/" class="soc-ico soc-ico-fb"> is close to 1 other tap targets.

The tap target <div class="search">поиск</div> is close to 3 other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="/catalog/vendors/acer/"></a> and 4 others are close to other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="/press/news/" class="alienate">Новости компании</a> is close to 1 other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="/press/news/id5300/">Марвел-Дистриб…рибутором года</a> and 1 others are close to other tap targets.

The tap target <a href="http://marvel-logistics.ru/" class="compgroup">Марвел-Логистика</a> is close to 2 other tap targets.

marvel.ru similar domains

Similar domains:
www.marvel.com
www.marvel.net
www.marvel.org
www.marvel.info
www.marvel.biz
www.marvel.us
www.marvel.mobi
www.arvel.ru
www.marvel.ru
www.narvel.ru
www.mnarvel.ru
www.nmarvel.ru
www.jarvel.ru
www.mjarvel.ru
www.jmarvel.ru
www.karvel.ru
www.mkarvel.ru
www.kmarvel.ru
www.mrvel.ru
www.mqrvel.ru
www.maqrvel.ru
www.mqarvel.ru
www.mwrvel.ru
www.mawrvel.ru
www.mwarvel.ru
www.msrvel.ru
www.masrvel.ru
www.msarvel.ru
www.mzrvel.ru
www.mazrvel.ru
www.mzarvel.ru
www.mavel.ru
www.maevel.ru
www.marevel.ru
www.maervel.ru
www.madvel.ru
www.mardvel.ru
www.madrvel.ru
www.mafvel.ru
www.marfvel.ru
www.mafrvel.ru
www.matvel.ru
www.martvel.ru
www.matrvel.ru
www.marel.ru
www.marcel.ru
www.marvcel.ru
www.marcvel.ru
www.marfel.ru
www.marvfel.ru
www.margel.ru
www.marvgel.ru
www.margvel.ru
www.marbel.ru
www.marvbel.ru
www.marbvel.ru
www.marvl.ru
www.marvwl.ru
www.marvewl.ru
www.marvwel.ru
www.marvsl.ru
www.marvesl.ru
www.marvsel.ru
www.marvdl.ru
www.marvedl.ru
www.marvdel.ru
www.marvrl.ru
www.marverl.ru
www.marvrel.ru
www.marve.ru
www.marvep.ru
www.marvelp.ru
www.marvepl.ru
www.marveo.ru
www.marvelo.ru
www.marveol.ru
www.marvek.ru
www.marvelk.ru
www.marvekl.ru

marvel.ru Ping

Ping is a networking utility tool to test if a particular host is reachable. It is a diagnostic that checks reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network. In a computer network, a ping test is a way of sending messages from one host to another. Aside from checking if the host is connected to a network, ping also gives indicators of the reliability and general speed of the connection.


marvel.ru TRACEROUTE

Traceroute is a network diagnostic tool used to track the pathway taken by a packet on an IP network from source to destination. Traceroute also records the time taken for each hop the packet makes during its route to the destination. Traceroute uses ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo packets with variable time to live values. The response time of each hop is calculated. To guarantee accuracy, each hop is queried multiple times (usually three times) to better measure the response of that particular hop.