SHAW.CA Shaw High Speed Internet Service, Cable HDTV & Home Phone + Bundles


shaw.ca website information.

shaw.ca website servers are located in Canada and are responding from following IP address 204.209.208.8. Check the full list of most visited websites located in Canada.

shaw.ca domain name is registered by .CA top-level domain registry. See the other sites registred in .CA domain zone.

Following name servers are specified for shaw.ca domain:

  • ns9htok.shawcable.net
  • ns8socg.shawcable.net
  • ns7nocg.shawcable.net

and probably website shaw.ca is hosted by shawcable.net web hosting company. Check the complete list of other most popular websites hosted by shawcable.net hosting company.

According to Alexa traffic rank the highest website shaw.ca position was 5828 (in the world). The lowest Alexa rank position was 10634. Now website shaw.ca ranked in Alexa database as number 7978 (in the world).

Website shaw.ca Desktop speed measurement score (48/100) is better than the results of 17.79% of other sites shows that the page desktop performance can be improved.

shaw.ca Mobile usability score (100/100) is better than the results of 100% of other sites and means that the page is mobile-friendly.

Mobile speed measurement score of shaw.ca (74/100) is better than the results of 84.94% of other sites and shows that the landing page performance on mobile devices is poor and can be improved.

Weekly Rank Report

DateRankChange
Apr-24-2019 7,978823
Apr-23-2019 8,801834
Apr-22-2019 9,635-1,981
Apr-21-2019 7,654226
Apr-20-2019 7,880-124
Apr-19-2019 7,756-669
Apr-18-2019 7,087-191

Advertisement

shaw.ca Rank History

Alexa can identify the popularity of a website as well as its competitors. It is important for website owners and bloggers to know their Alexa ranking because it shows how many visitors have viewed their web page. It gives them a clear idea of how popular their website is on the internet and the ranking of their competitors.


shaw.ca whois

WHOIS is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an Internet resource, such as a domain name, an IP address block, or an autonomous system, but is also used for a wider range of other information.


Domain name: shaw.ca
Domain status: registered
Creation date: 2000/10/30
Expiry date: 2019/03/28
Updated date: 2018/02/26
DNSSEC: Unsigned

Registrar:
Name: Webnames.ca Inc.
Number: 70

Registrant:
Name: Shaw Communications Inc.

Administrative contact:
Name: Legal Department
Postal address: 630 3rd Avenue S.W.
Calgary AB T2P4L4 Canada
Phone: +1.4037504500
Fax: +1.4037166544
Email: domainnames@sjrb.ca

Technical contact:
Name: Legal Department
Postal address: 630 3rd Avenue S.W.
Calgary AB T2P4L4 Canada
Phone: +1.4037504500
Fax:
Email: domainnames@sjrb.ca

Name servers:
ns7nocg.shawcable.net
ns8socg.shawcable.net
ns9htok.shawcable.net

% WHOIS look-up made at 2018-03-20 16:30:45 (GMT)
%
% Use of CIRA's WHOIS service is governed by the Terms of Use in its Legal
% Notice, available at http://www.cira.ca/legal-notice/?lang=en
%
% (c) 2018 Canadian Internet Registration Authority, (http://www.cira.ca/)

shaw.ca server information

Servers Location

shaw.ca desktop page speed rank

Last tested: 2017-05-27


Desktop Speed Bad
48/100

shaw.ca Desktop Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 52 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 511.4KiB (47% reduction).

Compressing https://tpc.googlesyndication.com/simgad/12345452991383669329 could save 128.8KiB (85% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…ot1BundleNonShawIP.jpg could save 76.6KiB (39% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…5/tmn-homepagehero.jpg could save 67.6KiB (41% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…pagehero-150update.jpg could save 53.5KiB (41% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…/free-previews-may.jpg could save 50.5KiB (40% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/meganav/sd-background.jpg could save 47.3KiB (73% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/button_sprite_v2.png could save 24.5KiB (32% reduction).
Compressing https://tpc.googlesyndication.com/simgad/2350856059182548369 could save 12.2KiB (35% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…11-cspot-150update.jpg could save 10.7KiB (39% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…kyTV_Desktop-Cspot.jpg could save 8.4KiB (32% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…mepageCSpot_DL_v01.jpg could save 7.6KiB (30% reduction).
Compressing https://tpc.googlesyndication.com/simgad/13240261736858870261 could save 5.1KiB (21% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Internet/WiFi/Shaw_Go_WiFi/bit.jpg could save 4.7KiB (56% reduction).
Compressing https://tpc.googlesyndication.com/simgad/6124672870292021048 could save 3.3KiB (15% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Internet/WiFi/S…Fi/bucket2_map-pin.jpg could save 2.2KiB (59% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/store/images/btn-close.jpg could save 2KiB (72% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Internet/WiFi/S…WiFi/bucket1_check.jpg could save 2KiB (59% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Internet/WiFi/S…iFi/bucket3_laptop.jpg could save 1.5KiB (52% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/circle-exclamation.png could save 1.4KiB (43% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Browser_Support/close.png could save 937B (84% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Browser_Support…ted_browser_sprite.png could save 775B (50% reduction).

priority - 29 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

https://load.s3.amazonaws.com/pixel.gif (expiration not specified)
https://rules.atgsvcs.com/EERules/view/rules/3.0/j…GSy6eecrIORowL1ZsMB71E (expiration not specified)
https://rules.atgsvcs.com/EERules/xd/3.0/json/200106308047/xd.js (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/store/global/chat.jsp (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/store/images/btn-close.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/store/js/google-analytics.js (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/store/js/vendor/modernizr.custom.69078.js (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Browser_Support/browser-icons.png (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Browser_Support/close.png (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Browser_Support…ted_browser_sprite.png (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…11-cspot-150update.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…pagehero-150update.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…ot1BundleNonShawIP.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…kyTV_Desktop-Cspot.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…mepageCSpot_DL_v01.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…/free-previews-may.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/Homepage/…5/tmn-homepagehero.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Ecomm/css/blank.gif (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Internet/WiFi/Shaw_Go_WiFi/bit.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Internet/WiFi/S…WiFi/bucket1_check.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Internet/WiFi/S…Fi/bucket2_map-pin.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedImages/Internet/WiFi/S…iFi/bucket3_laptop.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/Browser_Support/bowser.min.js (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/Browser_Support/unsupportedBrowser.js (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/Ecomm/css/css/blank.gif (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/Ecomm/css/vendor/v5/skin.css (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/ecomm/css/cart_print.css (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/Ecomm/Images/meganav/ico-caret.png (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/Helpful-Links-Widget_01.png (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/ajax-loader.gif (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/button_sprite_mid_v2.png (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/button_sprite_v2.png (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/circle-exclamation.png (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/home-wifi/skin.png (expiration not specified)
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedimages/ecomm/images/meganav/sd-background.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www06/ptc/b829dc86-76…9-8cf6-4eb0c3528c7a.js (5 minutes)
https://shaw.custhelp.com/vs/1/vsopts.js (5 minutes)
https://tags.tiqcdn.com/utag/shaw/shaw-personal/prod/utag.js (5 minutes)
https://8f544770ae5b7cfb8345-6636004133269479b2733…ely/global_launcher.js (5.8 minutes)
https://shawfonts-a.akamaihd.net/sde6twk.js (10 minutes)
https://8f544770ae5b7cfb8345-6636004133269479b2733…ui/hostui_animation.js (10.4 minutes)
https://8f544770ae5b7cfb8345-6636004133269479b2733…tui_unsupported_env.js (12.4 minutes)
https://1a78c50b3dab9cdfc88f-c6fb69c491f26211647b0…llscripts//launcher.js (12.8 minutes)
https://shaw.custhelp.com/rnt/rnw/javascript/vs/1/vsapi.js (15 minutes)
https://shaw.widget.custhelp.com/euf/rightnow/RightNow.Client.js (15 minutes)
https://www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js (15 minutes)
https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/fbevents.js (20 minutes)
https://connect.facebook.net/signals/config/1588964151367054?v=2.7.11 (20 minutes)
https://a.mobify.com/shaw/a.js (30 minutes)
https://tags.tiqcdn.com/utag/tiqapp/utag.v.js?a=sh…81643&cb=1495899801824 (30 minutes)
https://c1.rfihub.net/js/tc.min.js (60 minutes)
https://cdna.clicktale.net/www/tc/monitor-latest.js (60 minutes)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www/ChangeMonitor-latest.js (60 minutes)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www/WR103b.js (60 minutes)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www/tc/WR-latest.js (60 minutes)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www06/pcc/b829dc86-76…ase_20170524&Version=3 (60 minutes)
https://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/osd.js (60 minutes)
https://ssl.google-analytics.com/ga.js (2 hours)
https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js (2 hours)
https://siteimproveanalytics.com/js/siteanalyze_25970.js (4 hours)

priority - 16 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 13 blocking script resources and 9 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

https://www.shaw.ca/store/js/vendor/modernizr.custom.69078.js
https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.2/jquery.js
https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jqueryui/1.9.2/jquery-ui.min.js
https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/gsap/1.11.7/TweenMax.min.js
https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-boo….0/js/bootstrap.min.js
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/ecomm/js/shaw-min.js?build=18.5.0.13
https://www.shaw.ca/store/js/google-analytics.js
https://shawfonts-a.akamaihd.net/sde6twk.js
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/Browser_Support/bowser.min.js
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/Browser_Support/unsupportedBrowser.js
https://1a78c50b3dab9cdfc88f-c6fb69c491f26211647b0…llscripts//launcher.js
https://www.shaw.ca/store/global/chat.jsp
https://www.googleadservices.com/pagead/conversion.js

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/ecomm/css/icon-fonts.css?build=18.5.0.13
https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesom…s/font-awesome.min.css
https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-boo…/css/bootstrap.min.css
https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-boo…ootstrap-theme.min.css
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/ecomm/css/shaw-b…in.css?build=18.5.0.13
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/ecomm/css/shaw-l…in.css?build=18.5.0.13
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/ecomm/css/shaw-min.css?build=18.5.0.13
https://shawfonts-a.akamaihd.net/k/sde6twk-d.css?3…6deaa85ac68c0c2c5d1d13
https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/Ecomm/css/vendor/v5/skin.css

priority - 11 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 101.9KiB (70% reduction).

Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/store/ could save 67.5KiB (75% reduction).
Compressing https://c1.rfihub.net/js/tc.min.js could save 13.3KiB (68% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/store/js/vendor/modernizr.custom.69078.js could save 8.6KiB (60% reduction).
Compressing https://siteimproveanalytics.com/js/siteanalyze_25970.js could save 7.1KiB (61% reduction).
Compressing https://20737074p.rfihub.com/ca.html?rfiidc=980447…=&ra=12690084241330624 could save 4KiB (61% reduction).
Compressing https://o2.eyereturn.com/?site=3150&page=store&_=1495899801825 could save 1,004B (51% reduction).
Compressing https://o2.eyereturn.com/?site=3954&page=generic could save 534B (52% reduction).

priority - 4 Prioritize visible content

Your page requires additional network round trips to render the above-the-fold content. For best performance, reduce the amount of HTML needed to render above-the-fold content.

The entire HTML response was not sufficient to render the above-the-fold content. This usually indicates that additional resources, loaded after HTML parsing, were required to render above-the-fold content. Prioritize visible content that is needed for rendering above-the-fold by including it directly in the HTML response.

Only about 54% of the final above-the-fold content could be rendered with the full HTML response.

priority - 4 Minify JavaScript

Compacting JavaScript code can save many bytes of data and speed up downloading, parsing, and execution time.

Minify JavaScript for the following resources to reduce their size by 34.5KiB (45% reduction).

Minifying https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.7.2/jquery.js could save 32.8KiB (46% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://www.shaw.ca/uploadedfiles/Browser_Support/unsupportedBrowser.js could save 1KiB (30% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://o2.eyereturn.com/?site=3150&page=store&_=1495899801825 could save 655B (34% reduction).

priority - 3 Avoid landing page redirects

Your page has 2 redirects. Redirects introduce additional delays before the page can be loaded.

Avoid landing page redirects for the following chain of redirected URLs.

http://shaw.ca/
https://www.shaw.ca/
https://www.shaw.ca/store/

priority - 2 Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 18.8KiB (18% reduction).

Minifying https://www.shaw.ca/store/ could save 15.6KiB (18% reduction).
Minifying https://public.cobrowse.oraclecloud.com/rely/stora….html?version=20161214 could save 2.2KiB (16% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://20737074p.rfihub.com/ca.html?rfiidc=980447…=&ra=12690084241330624 could save 1KiB (17% reduction).

shaw.ca Desktop Resources

Total Resources234
Number of Hosts96
Static Resources93
JavaScript Resources68
CSS Resources10

shaw.ca Desktop Resource Breakdown

shaw.ca mobile page speed rank

Last tested: 2017-05-27


Mobile Speed Medium
74/100

shaw.ca Mobile Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 14 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

https://www.shaw.ca/store/js/vendor/modernizr.custom.69078.js (expiration not specified)
https://8f544770ae5b7cfb8345-6636004133269479b2733…_unsupported_env_ie.js (2.7 minutes)
https://cdn.mobify.com/sites/shaw/production/adaptive.min.js (5 minutes)
https://cdn.mobify.com/sites/shaw/production/main.js?1494872752672 (5 minutes)
https://cdn.mobify.com/sites/shaw/production/static/js/all.js?1494872752672 (5 minutes)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www06/ptc/b829dc86-76…9-8cf6-4eb0c3528c7a.js (5 minutes)
https://tags.tiqcdn.com/utag/shaw/shaw-personal/prod/utag.js (5 minutes)
https://8f544770ae5b7cfb8345-6636004133269479b2733…ely/global_launcher.js (8.5 minutes)
https://shawfonts-a.akamaihd.net/sde6twk.js (10 minutes)
https://8f544770ae5b7cfb8345-6636004133269479b2733…ui/hostui_animation.js (11.3 minutes)
https://1a78c50b3dab9cdfc88f-c6fb69c491f26211647b0…/llscripts/launcher.js (14.4 minutes)
https://cdn.mobify.com/capturejs/capture-latest.min.js (30 minutes)
https://tags.tiqcdn.com/utag/tiqapp/utag.v.js?a=sh…81643&cb=1495899749868 (30 minutes)
https://cdna.clicktale.net/www/tc/monitor-latest.js (60 minutes)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www/ChangeMonitor-latest.js (60 minutes)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www/WR103b.js (60 minutes)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www/tc/WR-latest.js (60 minutes)
https://cdnssl.clicktale.net/www06/pcc/b829dc86-76…ase_20170524&Version=3 (60 minutes)
https://siteimproveanalytics.com/js/siteanalyze_25970.js (4 hours)

priority - 10 Avoid landing page redirects

Your page has 2 redirects. Redirects introduce additional delays before the page can be loaded.

Avoid landing page redirects for the following chain of redirected URLs.

http://shaw.ca/
https://www.shaw.ca/
https://www.shaw.ca/store/

priority - 9 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 83.1KiB (72% reduction).

Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/store/ could save 67.5KiB (75% reduction).
Compressing https://www.shaw.ca/store/js/vendor/modernizr.custom.69078.js could save 8.6KiB (60% reduction).
Compressing https://siteimproveanalytics.com/js/siteanalyze_25970.js could save 7.1KiB (61% reduction).

priority - 2 Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 17.8KiB (18% reduction).

Minifying https://www.shaw.ca/store/ could save 15.6KiB (18% reduction).
Minifying https://public.cobrowse.oraclecloud.com/rely/stora….html?version=20161214 could save 2.2KiB (16% reduction) after compression.

priority - 0 Reduce server response time

In our test, your server responded in 0.20 seconds. There are many factors that can slow down your server response time. Please read our recommendations to learn how you can monitor and measure where your server is spending the most time.

shaw.ca Mobile Resources

Total Resources52
Number of Hosts18
Static Resources37
JavaScript Resources32
CSS Resources8

shaw.ca Mobile Resource Breakdown

shaw.ca mobile page usability

Last tested: 2017-05-27


Mobile Usability Good
100/100

shaw.ca Mobile Resources

Total Resources52
Number of Hosts18
Static Resources37
JavaScript Resources32
CSS Resources8

shaw.ca Mobile Resource Breakdown

shaw.ca similar domains

Similar domains:
www.shaw.com
www.shaw.net
www.shaw.org
www.shaw.info
www.shaw.biz
www.shaw.us
www.shaw.mobi
www.haw.ca
www.shaw.ca
www.whaw.ca
www.swhaw.ca
www.wshaw.ca
www.ehaw.ca
www.sehaw.ca
www.eshaw.ca
www.dhaw.ca
www.sdhaw.ca
www.dshaw.ca
www.zhaw.ca
www.szhaw.ca
www.zshaw.ca
www.xhaw.ca
www.sxhaw.ca
www.xshaw.ca
www.ahaw.ca
www.sahaw.ca
www.ashaw.ca
www.saw.ca
www.sbaw.ca
www.shbaw.ca
www.sbhaw.ca
www.sgaw.ca
www.shgaw.ca
www.sghaw.ca
www.syaw.ca
www.shyaw.ca
www.syhaw.ca
www.suaw.ca
www.shuaw.ca
www.suhaw.ca
www.sjaw.ca
www.shjaw.ca
www.sjhaw.ca
www.snaw.ca
www.shnaw.ca
www.snhaw.ca
www.shw.ca
www.shqw.ca
www.shaqw.ca
www.shqaw.ca
www.shww.ca
www.shaww.ca
www.shwaw.ca
www.shsw.ca
www.shasw.ca
www.shsaw.ca
www.shzw.ca
www.shazw.ca
www.shzaw.ca
www.sha.ca
www.shaq.ca
www.shawq.ca
www.shaa.ca
www.shawa.ca
www.shaaw.ca
www.shas.ca
www.shaws.ca
www.shae.ca
www.shawe.ca
www.shaew.ca

shaw.ca Ping

Ping is a networking utility tool to test if a particular host is reachable. It is a diagnostic that checks reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network. In a computer network, a ping test is a way of sending messages from one host to another. Aside from checking if the host is connected to a network, ping also gives indicators of the reliability and general speed of the connection.


shaw.ca TRACEROUTE

Traceroute is a network diagnostic tool used to track the pathway taken by a packet on an IP network from source to destination. Traceroute also records the time taken for each hop the packet makes during its route to the destination. Traceroute uses ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo packets with variable time to live values. The response time of each hop is calculated. To guarantee accuracy, each hop is queried multiple times (usually three times) to better measure the response of that particular hop.