THEMEPUNCH.COM ThemePunch Premium WordPress Plugins & Themes


themepunch.com website information.

themepunch.com domain name is registered by .COM top-level domain registry. See the other sites registred in .COM domain zone.

No name server records were found.

and probably website themepunch.com is hosted by FASTLY - Fastly, US web hosting company. Check the complete list of other most popular websites hosted by FASTLY - Fastly, US hosting company.

According to Alexa traffic rank the highest website themepunch.com position was 3063 (in the world). The lowest Alexa rank position was 437561. Now website themepunch.com ranked in Alexa database as number 92295 (in the world).

Website themepunch.com Desktop speed measurement score (71/100) is better than the results of 52.66% of other sites shows that the page desktop performance can be improved.

themepunch.com Mobile usability score (95/100) is better than the results of 39.69% of other sites and means that the page is mobile-friendly.

Mobile speed measurement score of themepunch.com (65/100) is better than the results of 66.06% of other sites and shows that the landing page performance on mobile devices is poor and can be improved.

Weekly Rank Report

DateRankChange
Jul-29-2021 48,787108,376
Jul-28-2021 157,163-96,832
Jul-27-2021 60,331-10,450
Jul-26-2021 49,881-4,731
Jul-25-2021 45,150548
Jul-24-2021 45,6988,359
Jul-23-2021 54,05724,533

Advertisement

themepunch.com Rank History

Alexa can identify the popularity of a website as well as its competitors. It is important for website owners and bloggers to know their Alexa ranking because it shows how many visitors have viewed their web page. It gives them a clear idea of how popular their website is on the internet and the ranking of their competitors.



themepunch.com whois

WHOIS is a query and response protocol that is widely used for querying databases that store the registered users or assignees of an Internet resource, such as a domain name, an IP address block, or an autonomous system, but is also used for a wider range of other information.


Domain Name: THEMEPUNCH.COM
Registry Domain ID: 1685462312_DOMAIN_COM-VRSN
Registrar WHOIS Server: whois.meshdigital.com
Registrar URL: http://www.meshdigital.com
Updated Date: 2021-04-22T13:04:03Z
Creation Date: 2011-11-03T16:10:02Z
Registry Expiry Date: 2021-11-03T17:10:02Z
Registrar: Mesh Digital Limited
Registrar IANA ID: 1390
Registrar Abuse Contact Email:
Registrar Abuse Contact Phone:
Domain Status: clientDeleteProhibited https://icann.org/epp#clientDeleteProhibited
Domain Status: clientTransferProhibited https://icann.org/epp#clientTransferProhibited
Domain Status: clientUpdateProhibited https://icann.org/epp#clientUpdateProhibited
Name Server: CHERYL.NS.CLOUDFLARE.COM
Name Server: LYNN.NS.CLOUDFLARE.COM
DNSSEC: unsigned
URL of the ICANN Whois Inaccuracy Complaint Form: https://www.icann.org/wicf/
>>> Last update of whois database: 2021-04-25T00:03:53Z

themepunch.com server information

Servers Location

IP Address
Country
Region
City

themepunch.com desktop page speed rank

Last tested: 2016-07-08


Desktop Speed Medium
71/100

themepunch.com Desktop Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 12 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 25 blocking script resources and 20 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…weetalert-dev.js?ver=1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…y/jquery.js?ver=1.12.4
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…grate.min.js?ver=1.4.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…min.js?ver=_2.7.2_beta
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ightbox.js?ver=2.0.9.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ols.min.js?ver=2.0.9.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ial.min.js?ver=2.0.9.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ution.min.js?ver=5.2.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ei-public.js?ver=1.0.0
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…dl-public.js?ver=1.0.0
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…/jquery.tablesorter.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…gins/taxes//js/main.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…/taxes_nwd//js/main.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…polls-js.js?ver=2.73.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ts/js/bootstrap.min.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ssets/js/retina.min.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…mi/assets/js/fitvid.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…/jquery.sharrre.min.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…uery.mousewheel.min.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…lr.smoothscroll.min.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…mi/assets/js/screen.js
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…408ce6c29b5d185f4a40bb
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…408ce6c29b5d185f4a40bb
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…nt.min.js?ver=4.11.2.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…lr.min.js?ver=4.11.2.1

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto%3A4…boto%3A100%2C700%2C400
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…e/sweetalert.css?ver=1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…in.css?ver=_2.7.2_beta
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ttings.css?ver=2.0.9.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…settings.css?ver=5.2.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…408ce6c29b5d185f4a40bb
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…i-public.css?ver=1.0.0
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…l-public.css?ver=1.0.0
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…lls-css.css?ver=2.73.1
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…/css/bootstrap.min.css
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…themes/miami/style.css
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…i/assets/css/icons.css
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…fonts/css/fontello.css
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…408ce6c29b5d185f4a40bb
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…s/pe-icon-7-stroke.css
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…nticons/css/helper.css
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…r.min.css?ver=4.11.2.1
https://www.themepunch.com/wp-content/plugins/revs…s/pe-icon-7-stroke.css
https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…frontend.css?ver=false
https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto:400,100,300,500,700,900

priority - 10 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ClZj2oJXEAEgLG1.png:small (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Cm2QfjVWEAIapRl.jpg:small (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CmCwvHvWgAAFATJ.jpg:small (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CmN2HIvXEAEpDQq.jpg:small (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Cmr9mQ6WcAAhPLc.jpg:small (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CmxHSa-WEAEmCET.jpg:small (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1622333972/logo_normal.png (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/489191099987025920/xQu_CLNV_normal.png (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/624293374955286535/YflUwmP0_normal.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/636459393782022148/aiuLZXSj_normal.png (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/676525549276291072/gKlC243n_normal.png (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/714401312998354944/3uHjj2Vg_normal.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/719521012409180160/LBOnKG5g_normal.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/742007498186600448/H1wt8FRq_normal.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/747039307941224448/gmwICakB_normal.jpg (expiration not specified)
https://syndication.twitter.com/widgets/timelines/…e_codes=true&t=1631121 (5 minutes)
https://connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js (20 minutes)
https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js (30 minutes)
https://www.google-analytics.com/plugins/ua/linkid.js (60 minutes)
https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js (2 hours)

priority - 8 Optimize images

Properly formatting and compressing images can save many bytes of data.

Optimize the following images to reduce their size by 71.7KiB (48% reduction).

Compressing and resizing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…s/2014/11/ipad_tp2.png could save 34.2KiB (72% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/1622333972/logo_normal.png could save 4.7KiB (67% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CmxHSa-WEAEmCET.jpg:small could save 2.6KiB (11% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…/01/jq_plugin_grey.png could save 2.5KiB (49% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ClZj2oJXEAEgLG1.png:small could save 2.2KiB (17% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…2/wp_plugin_orange.png could save 2KiB (35% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…fivestarquality_br.png could save 1.9KiB (54% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…/12/jq_plugin_blue.png could save 1.8KiB (34% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…2/wp_plugin_yellow.png could save 1.7KiB (32% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…5/02/schematic_rev.png could save 1.5KiB (64% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…chematic_essential.png could save 1.4KiB (87% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…02/schematic_miami.png could save 1.4KiB (86% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ds/2015/02/back_br.png could save 1.4KiB (51% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/420008385296097281/mc5Pb37g_normal.png could save 1.3KiB (33% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…14/11/tplogo_white.png could save 1.1KiB (64% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://themepunch.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/tpfooterlogo.png could save 1.1KiB (63% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/742007498186600448/H1wt8FRq_normal.jpg could save 964B (50% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/747039307941224448/gmwICakB_normal.jpg could save 956B (40% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…/2015/02/small_rev.png could save 949B (45% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/722891509234737154/X2uVVPd5_normal.jpg could save 942B (50% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…6/05/visual_editor.png could save 939B (81% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…/2015/02/small_ess.png could save 931B (48% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/719521012409180160/LBOnKG5g_normal.jpg could save 917B (49% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/714401312998354944/3uHjj2Vg_normal.jpg could save 879B (42% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://www.themepunch.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/hamburgersmall.png could save 843B (88% reduction).
Losslessly compressing https://pbs.twimg.com/profile_images/624293374955286535/YflUwmP0_normal.jpg could save 735B (47% reduction).

priority - 4 Minify JavaScript

Compacting JavaScript code can save many bytes of data and speed up downloading, parsing, and execution time.

Minify JavaScript for the following resources to reduce their size by 33.6KiB (51% reduction).

Minifying https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…weetalert-dev.js?ver=1 could save 24.8KiB (79% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…mi/assets/js/screen.js could save 5.5KiB (22% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…/jquery.tablesorter.js could save 3.3KiB (41% reduction) after compression.

priority - 2 Enable compression

Compressing resources with gzip or deflate can reduce the number of bytes sent over the network.

Enable compression for the following resources to reduce their transfer size by 21.7KiB (66% reduction).

Compressing https://staticxx.facebook.com/connect/xd_arbiter.php?version=42 could save 21.7KiB (66% reduction).

priority - 2 Prioritize visible content

Your page requires additional network round trips to render the above-the-fold content. For best performance, reduce the amount of HTML needed to render above-the-fold content.

The entire HTML response was not sufficient to render the above-the-fold content. This usually indicates that additional resources, loaded after HTML parsing, were required to render above-the-fold content. Prioritize visible content that is needed for rendering above-the-fold by including it directly in the HTML response.

Only about 50% of the final above-the-fold content could be rendered with the full HTML response.

priority - 2 Minify CSS

Compacting CSS code can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify CSS for the following resources to reduce their size by 17KiB (28% reduction).

Minifying https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…themes/miami/style.css could save 9.3KiB (27% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…ttings.css?ver=2.0.9.1 could save 2.3KiB (33% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…settings.css?ver=5.2.1 could save 2.1KiB (28% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…fonts/css/fontello.css could save 1.7KiB (34% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…i/assets/css/icons.css could save 1.1KiB (39% reduction) after compression.
Minifying https://cdntphome-themepunchgbr.netdna-ssl.com/wp-…e/sweetalert.css?ver=1 could save 583B (16% reduction) after compression.

priority - 0 Minify HTML

Compacting HTML code, including any inline JavaScript and CSS contained in it, can save many bytes of data and speed up download and parse times.

Minify HTML for the following resources to reduce their size by 3.9KiB (12% reduction).

Minifying https://www.themepunch.com/ could save 3.9KiB (12% reduction) after compression.

themepunch.com Desktop Resources

Total Resources166
Number of Hosts19
Static Resources149
JavaScript Resources53
CSS Resources26

themepunch.com Desktop Resource Breakdown

themepunch.com mobile page speed rank

Last tested: 2019-12-04


Mobile Speed Medium
65/100

themepunch.com Mobile Speed Test Quick Summary


priority - 40 Eliminate render-blocking JavaScript and CSS in above-the-fold content

Your page has 2 blocking script resources and 2 blocking CSS resources. This causes a delay in rendering your page.

None of the above-the-fold content on your page could be rendered without waiting for the following resources to load. Try to defer or asynchronously load blocking resources, or inline the critical portions of those resources directly in the HTML.

Remove render-blocking JavaScript:

https://www.themepunch.com/wp-includes/js/jquery/jquery.js?ver=1.12.4-wp
https://www.themepunch.com/cdn-cgi/scripts/5c5dd72…ic/email-decode.min.js

Optimize CSS Delivery of the following:

https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto%3A4…400%2C700&display=swap
https://www.themepunch.com/wp-content/cache/min/1/…8178d277e75688b119.css

priority - 8 Prioritize visible content

Your page requires additional network round trips to render the above-the-fold content. For best performance, reduce the amount of HTML needed to render above-the-fold content.

The entire HTML response was not sufficient to render the above-the-fold content. This usually indicates that additional resources, loaded after HTML parsing, were required to render above-the-fold content. Prioritize visible content that is needed for rendering above-the-fold by including it directly in the HTML response.

Only about 23% of the final above-the-fold content could be rendered with the full HTML response.
Click to see the screenshot with only the HTML response:

priority - 6 Reduce server response time

In our test, your server responded in 0.32 seconds.

There are many factors that can slow down your server response time. Please read our recommendations to learn how you can monitor and measure where your server is spending the most time.

priority - 1 Leverage browser caching

Setting an expiry date or a maximum age in the HTTP headers for static resources instructs the browser to load previously downloaded resources from local disk rather than over the network.

Leverage browser caching for the following cacheable resources:

https://www.themepunch.com/cdn-cgi/scripts/5c5dd72…ic/email-decode.min.js (2 days)

themepunch.com Mobile Resources

Total Resources40
Number of Hosts6
Static Resources32
JavaScript Resources4
CSS Resources2

themepunch.com Mobile Resource Breakdown

themepunch.com mobile page usability

Last tested: 2019-12-04


Mobile Usability Good
95/100

themepunch.com Mobile Usability Test Quick Summary


priority - 3 Size content to viewport

The page content is too wide for the viewport, forcing the user to scroll horizontally. Size the page content to the viewport to provide a better user experience.

The page content is 1,240 CSS pixels wide, but the viewport is only 412 CSS pixels wide. The following elements fall outside the viewport:

The element <a href="https://www.themepunch.com/" class="custom-logo-link"></a> falls outside the viewport.

priority - 1 Size tap targets appropriately

Some of the links/buttons on your webpage may be too small for a user to easily tap on a touchscreen. Consider making these tap targets larger to provide a better user experience.

The following tap targets are close to other nearby tap targets and may need additional spacing around them.

The tap target <button class="menu-toggle"></button> is close to 1 other tap targets.

themepunch.com similar domains

Similar domains:
www.themepunch.com
www.themepunch.net
www.themepunch.org
www.themepunch.info
www.themepunch.biz
www.themepunch.us
www.themepunch.mobi
www.hemepunch.com
www.themepunch.com
www.rhemepunch.com
www.trhemepunch.com
www.rthemepunch.com
www.fhemepunch.com
www.tfhemepunch.com
www.fthemepunch.com
www.ghemepunch.com
www.tghemepunch.com
www.gthemepunch.com
www.yhemepunch.com
www.tyhemepunch.com
www.ythemepunch.com
www.temepunch.com
www.tbemepunch.com
www.thbemepunch.com
www.tbhemepunch.com
www.tgemepunch.com
www.thgemepunch.com
www.tyemepunch.com
www.thyemepunch.com
www.tuemepunch.com
www.thuemepunch.com
www.tuhemepunch.com
www.tjemepunch.com
www.thjemepunch.com
www.tjhemepunch.com
www.tnemepunch.com
www.thnemepunch.com
www.tnhemepunch.com
www.thmepunch.com
www.thwmepunch.com
www.thewmepunch.com
www.thwemepunch.com
www.thsmepunch.com
www.thesmepunch.com
www.thsemepunch.com
www.thdmepunch.com
www.thedmepunch.com
www.thdemepunch.com
www.thrmepunch.com
www.thermepunch.com
www.thremepunch.com
www.theepunch.com
www.thenepunch.com
www.themnepunch.com
www.thenmepunch.com
www.thejepunch.com
www.themjepunch.com
www.thejmepunch.com
www.thekepunch.com
www.themkepunch.com
www.thekmepunch.com
www.thempunch.com
www.themwpunch.com
www.themewpunch.com
www.themwepunch.com
www.themspunch.com
www.themespunch.com
www.themsepunch.com
www.themdpunch.com
www.themedpunch.com
www.themdepunch.com
www.themrpunch.com
www.themerpunch.com
www.themrepunch.com
www.themeunch.com
www.themeounch.com
www.themepounch.com
www.themeopunch.com
www.themelunch.com
www.themeplunch.com
www.themelpunch.com
www.themepnch.com
www.themepynch.com
www.themepuynch.com
www.themepyunch.com
www.themephnch.com
www.themepuhnch.com
www.themephunch.com
www.themepjnch.com
www.themepujnch.com
www.themepjunch.com
www.themepinch.com
www.themepuinch.com
www.themepiunch.com
www.themepuch.com
www.themepubch.com
www.themepunbch.com
www.themepubnch.com
www.themepuhch.com
www.themepunhch.com
www.themepujch.com
www.themepunjch.com
www.themepumch.com
www.themepunmch.com
www.themepumnch.com
www.themepunh.com
www.themepunxh.com
www.themepuncxh.com
www.themepunxch.com
www.themepundh.com
www.themepuncdh.com
www.themepundch.com
www.themepunfh.com
www.themepuncfh.com
www.themepunfch.com
www.themepunvh.com
www.themepuncvh.com
www.themepunvch.com
www.themepunc.com
www.themepuncb.com
www.themepunchb.com
www.themepuncbh.com
www.themepuncg.com
www.themepunchg.com
www.themepuncgh.com
www.themepuncy.com
www.themepunchy.com
www.themepuncyh.com
www.themepuncu.com
www.themepunchu.com
www.themepuncuh.com
www.themepuncj.com
www.themepunchj.com
www.themepuncjh.com
www.themepuncn.com
www.themepunchn.com
www.themepuncnh.com
www.themepunch.con

themepunch.com Ping

Ping is a networking utility tool to test if a particular host is reachable. It is a diagnostic that checks reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network. In a computer network, a ping test is a way of sending messages from one host to another. Aside from checking if the host is connected to a network, ping also gives indicators of the reliability and general speed of the connection.


themepunch.com TRACEROUTE

Traceroute is a network diagnostic tool used to track the pathway taken by a packet on an IP network from source to destination. Traceroute also records the time taken for each hop the packet makes during its route to the destination. Traceroute uses ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo packets with variable time to live values. The response time of each hop is calculated. To guarantee accuracy, each hop is queried multiple times (usually three times) to better measure the response of that particular hop.